Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Front Cover
Simon and Schuster, 2004 - Business & Economics - 204 pages
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Hydrogen and fuel cells are vital technologies to ensure a secure and CO2-free energy future. Their development will take decades of extensive public and private effort to achieve technology breakthroughs and commercial maturity.Government research programmes are indispensable for catalysing the development process. This report maps the IEA countries current efforts to research, develop and deploy the interlocking elements that constitute a hydrogen economy, including CO2 capture and storage when hydrogen is produced out of fossil fuels. It provides an overview of what is being done, and by whom, covering an extensive complexity of national government R&D programmes. The survey highlights the potential for exploiting the benefits of the international co-operation.This book draws primarily upon information contributed by IEA governments. In virtually all the IEA countries, important R&D and policy efforts on hydrogen and fuel cells are in place and expanding. Some are fully-integrated, government-funded programs, some are a key element in an overall strategy spread among multiple public and private efforts. The large amount of information provided in this publication reflects the vast array of technologies and logistics required to build the hydrogen economy.
 

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Contents

Executive Summary
11
Introduction
17
Fuel Cells
23
Major programs on fuel cell technologies
29
Basic RD
35
Stationary fuel cell demonstrations
43
Hydrogen Production
49
Hydrogen production from nuclear energy
57
France
128
Germany
132
Greece
138
Italy
141
Japan
147
Korea
155
Netherlands
160
New Zealand
163

Hydrogen Storage Transportation and Distribution
75
Policy Program Targets
89
United States
99
The European Union EU
101
Public Education
103
COUNTRY PROFILES
105
Australia
107
Austria
111
Belgium
115
Canada
117
Denmark
121
Finland
125
Norway
164
Portugal
167
Spain
169
Sweden
173
Switzerland
175
Turkey
178
United Kingdom
180
United States
186
European Union
194
Useful links and bibliography
199
Copyright

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