Terrorism in America: Pipe Bombs and Pipe Dreams

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SUNY Press, Jan 25, 1994 - Political Science - 256 pages
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Using extensive records from federal district courts, national archives, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, and the Administrative Office of U.S. Courts, Brent Smith examines the activities of persons investigated for acts of terrorism during the 1980s. He traces the lives of the men and women who turned to terrorism in America, the goals that motivated their behavior, and the crimes they committed. In addition, the book provides detailed information regarding how shifts in federal priorities led to the capture and subsequent conviction of most of these offenders, as well as the severity with which these men and women were punished.
 

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Contents

Terrorists in the Criminal Justice System Political and Conceptual Problems
5
The FBIs Definition of Terrorism
6
The FBI and the Politics of Terrorism
7
The Attorney Generals Guidelines
11
Terrorists in the Justice System
13
The Extent of Terrorism in America
17
Terrorism Trends by Type of Group
20
International Terrorism
21
Republic of New Africa New African Freedom Fighters
107
The United Freedom Front
110
Puerto Rican Terrorism
113
El Rukns
121
Special Interest or SingleIssue Terrorism
125
The Animal Liberation Front
128
Summary and Conclusions
129
International Terrorist Activity in America
130

Puerto Rican Terrorism
22
Jewish Terrorism
23
LeftWing Terrorism
24
RightWing Terrorism
25
Special Interest or SingleIssue Terrorism
26
General Conclusions about 1980s Trends
27
Extremists Right and Left
31
Typologies of American Terrorists
34
Characteristics of LeftWing and RightWing American Terrorists
35
Ideology
36
Views on Human Nature and Economic Structure
38
Base of Operations
39
Tactical Approach
41
Targets
43
Profiling the American Terrorist
46
Gender
48
Ethnicity
49
Education and Occupation
50
The Righteous and the Extremists of the Right
53
The Ku Klux Klan
54
Sheriffs Posse Comitatus
57
The Aryan Nations
60
Covenant Sword and Arm of the Lord
62
The Order
66
RightWing Terrorists Try a Comeback
77
Arizona Patriots
79
White Patriot Party
84
Same Song Second Verse
87
The Future of RightWing Terrorism
89
Recruiting for the Right
90
What Money Might Buy
92
Leftist and SingleIssue Terrorism
93
Misconceptions Regarding Leftist Terrorism in America
94
May 19th Communist Organization
95
Characteristics of International Terrorists in America
132
Omega 7
134
Provisional Irish Republican Army
137
The Valhalla Incident
138
The Redeye Buyers
139
The Libyan Threat
140
Syrian Social Nationalist Party
142
Japanese Red Army
144
Amal
146
Summary and Conclusions
148
Criminalizing Terrorism Problems Without Easy Solutions
150
Marx and Durkheim on Social Change
151
Consensus Explanations of Governmental Response
152
Conflict Explanations of Governmental Response
153
Conflict and Consensus as Variables
154
Exceptional Vagueness
156
Explicit Politicality
164
Broadened Discretion in Law Enforcement
167
Punishing Terrorists
171
Variations in Case Outcomes
172
Variations in Sentencing
177
Terrorists and Traditional Criminals
183
Terrorists and Traditional Criminals
185
Conclusions
191
Dream On Facts and Fantasies about American Terrorism
193
The Process of Becoming a Terrorist
194
Investigative and Prosecutorial Discretion
195
The Function of Juries and Judges in Terrorism Trials
196
The Severity of Punishment for Terrorists
197
Prospects for the Future
198
Appendix
202
Notes
207
Name Index
245
Copyright

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About the author (1994)

Brent L. Smith is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice and Sociology in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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