Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

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Oxford University Press, 2005 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 279 pages
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In this pioneering book Katarzyna Jaszczolt lays down the foundations of an original theory of meaning in discourse, reveals the cognitive foundations of discourse interpretation, and puts forward a new basis for the analysis of discourse processing. She provides a step-by-step introduction to the theory and its application, and explains new terms and formalisms as required. Dr. Jaszczolt unites the precision of truth-conditional, dynamic approaches with insights from neo-Gricean pragmatics into the role of speaker's intentions in communication. She shows that the compositionality of meaning may be understood as merger representations combining information from various sources including word meaning and sentence structure, various kinds of default interpretations, and conscious pragmatic inference.

Among the applications the author discusses are constructions that pose problems in semantic analysis such as referring expressions, propositional attitude constructions, presupposition, modality, numerals, and sentential connectives. She proposes solutions to cutting edge problems in the semantics/pragmatics interface - for example, how many levels of meaning should be distinguished; the status of underspecification; how much contextual information should be placed in the representation of the speaker's meaning; whether there are default interpretations; the stage of utterance interpretation at which pragmatic inference begins; and whether compositionality is a necessary feature of the theory of meaning and if so how it is to be defined.

The book is for students and researchers in semantics, pragmatics, computational linguistics, and philosophy of language at advanced undergraduate level and above.

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About the author (2005)

Katarzyna Jaszczolt is Senior Lecturer in Semantics and Pragmatics at the University of Cambridge and Fellow and Director of Studies in Linguistics at Newnham College. She is the author of Discourse, Beliefs, and Intentions: Semantic Defaults and Propositional Attitude Ascription (1999) and Semantics and Pragmatics: Meaning in Language and Discourse (2002), and of many articles on the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, propositional attitude reports, and various aspects of semantic ambiguity and underspecification. She has edited three books on contrastive semantics and pragmatics and propositional attitudes. Her Oxford DPhil was awarded in 1992 for her dissertation on the semantics of propositional attitude constructions. She is general editor of the Elsevier book series Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface.

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