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High Praise for Pedigreed Trees

One of the still disputed questions is that regarding the merit of the pedigreed tree. Perhaps the most ardent advocate of pedigreed nursery stock is Joseph Moncrief, Winfield, Kan. A few weeks ago a party of twenty bankers, business men and newspaper men, as the guests of Mr. Moncrief, enjoyed an automobile trip up the Arkansas valley to view commercial orchards in harvest season. At the 300-acre orchard of John Alter & Sons, in the Belle Plaine region of Sumner county, Mr. Moncrief gave a practical demonstration of the results of his "Pedigreed trees." On one side was an orchard fourteen years old set with nursery stock of the ordinary kind while right along side of it was one ten years old set with Moncrief's pedigreed stock. The difference was marked. The non-pedigreed orchard was uneven, some of the trees one size and some another, the fruit differed in size and coloring, some trees bore only on one side and some were idlers. In the pedigreed orchard the trees were of uniform size and shape, the fruit of fine color and size and the trees were all bearers. Mr. Alter stated that the pedigreed orchard would produce double the bushels per acre this year over the non-pedigreed orchard, and that the fruit from the pedigreed trees would grade higher, both in formation and color. He said with this experience before him if he couldn't get pedigreed trees at any less he would willingly pay five dollars a piece for them than to plant non-pedigreed stock.

Mr. Alter went to Sumner county in 1871 and settled about four miles northeast of Belle Plaine. He has something over 12,000

apple trees, but about 5,000 of them are young and are not bearing yet. Nevertheless he will put 50,000 bushels of apples in storage this year, or approximately two train loads, of fifty cars each.

Mr. Alter has not lost an apple crop in forty years. He has an irrigating plant and when a dry season comes on he pumps the Arkansas rivar among th», trees. This plant is well equipped for raising sufficient water not only to save the trees but to make a big crop of apples every year. In about three years from now he will be marketing about 100,000 bushels of apples annually. His trees will run about seven bushels of applns each per year.

The spraying of over 12,000 trees annually is something of a job also. To this work Mr. Alter gives a great deal of attention. In other words he is a thorough apple man.

Like all of the pioneers of the Arkansas Valley, Mr. Alter had a hard time at the beginning, but he is now reaping the reward of that German industry he has employed, and the German thrift which he has always pursued. He has in all 320 acres, almost entirely under fruit and five sturdy boys who help him to make a success of raising it.

He has five varieties in alternating rows and he keeps the ground in the very pink of condition.

Henderson county, recognized for many years as the largest producer of apples in Kentucky, will produce over 200,000 bushels of fine apples this year. To date both cold storages are full and growers are shipping to Louisville, Nashville, St. Louis and Evansville for storage. Forty-five thousand barrels have been stored at Henderson.

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The Lake Garfield Nursery Co., at Bartow, Fla., has taken over the Brown Nursery.

Jackson Dawson, superintendent of Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Mass., celebrated his seventy-fourth birthday October 5.

The Prudential Nursery Co., Kalamazoo. Mich., has the contract to plant an 18-acre park at Auburn, Ind.

Clarence Bock, proprietor of the Sunnyside Nursery, will donate 10 prizes of $2.50 each in the early spring planting campaign in Burlington, la.

W. W. Hunt & Co., Hartford, Conn., were awarded first prize by the Connecticut Fair Association for their exhibit of evergreens and shrubs; also diplomas for display of boxwoods.

Prof. A. F. Blakeslee has resigned the chair of botany at the Connecticut Agricultural College to accept a position at the Carnegie Station for Experimental Evolution at Cold Spring Harbor, N. Y. His valuable investigation work in the line of genetics will be continued in his new location.

P. M. Koster, nurseryman, of Boskoop, Holland, was a visitor at the offices of the D. Hill Nursery Co., Dundee, 111., recently. Mr. Koster is an attache of the court of Queen Wilhelmina and was therefore forbidden to tell much of the war situation. He does not see Holland implicated in the colossal European struggle, and would not talk on rumors of alleged breach of neutrality by Germany. The large number of Belgian refugees in Holland and the general financial depression evident in all parts of Europe were subjects into which Mr. Koster went into detail. For the past six months four Belgians have been housed at his estate.

We Offer the Trade for

Fall, Winter or Spring Shipment

APPLE—A choice lot. 1 inch up.
PEACH—General assortment in all grades.
PLUM AND APRICOT

PEAR—Kieffer and Garber. Extra Heavy. Fine.

PECANS—All grades up to 4 to 5 foot.

FIGS AND MULBERRIES

SHADE TREES—General assortment.

EVERGREENS, ROSES, ETC.

Our stock is complete and your want list will be appreciated. Attractive prices on mixed car lots.

WAXAHACHIE NURSERY COMPANY

J. R. MAYHEW, Pres.
WAXAHACHIE, TEXAS

Foster-Cooke Co.

NURSERYMEN FREDONIA, N. Y.

OKOWKRS OK

Grape Vines, Gooseberries, Currants

Our stock never looked better. Send us your list of wants. Our prices are right.

We grow our Stock up to Quality and Grade, not down to a price. Nevertheless, our prices are always in line. You can't afford to pay less, and there's no sense in paying more. If you are pleased with what you have been getting, you will be better pleased with our stock. Write for catalogue.

Quality, Service, Price;

These three; but the greatest of these is Quality. The Combination makes Value. I want discriminating, careful buyers to write for my offers on

Ampelopsis Veitchii

Clematis—Paniculata and large-flowering
Berberis Thunbergii

Spirea—Van Houtte and Anthony Waterer
and other things

Elegant Stock, Well Graded, Properly Packed; Value, PLUS

FRUIT TREE SEEDLINGS and Young Ornamental Stock for nursery planting sold for

MR. F. DELAUNAY,

ANGERS, FRANCE

Good grower, even grader, careful packer. Lowest freight rates and such service as comes of many years' experience in handling importations.

APPLE SEED, Native and French

KANSAS APPLE SEEDLINGS Shipment from Topeka or Newark MANETTI ROSE STOCKS, French or English

Send your Want List. I may have just what you need; if not, 1 may know where to pick it up, to your advantage and mine. It takes time to locate the right stock; I give it ALL my time. I want to be of service to YOU; I can; let me.

I

JOHN WATSON

NURSERYMAN NEWARK, NEW YORK November 1, 1916

W. B. COLE Painesville, Ohio

DWARF APPLES—Your customers will be immensely pleased to get apples two or three years from planting. We have a good supply of dwarf apples to supply the growing demand.

BLACK CURRANTS—We have a very large stock of Black

Naples and Black Champion Currants, 2 years.

We will make prices to suit customer. GRAPE VINES—Concord and Niagara, strong 2 years,

well rooted, with long tops—just the thing for

retail trade.

BLACK RASPBERRIES—Transplants. Every nurseryman has had trouble in packing and shipping the ordinary tip plants in connection with other stock. Our transplants will deliver as easily as a grape vine and at any time during the shipping season.

CATALPA BUNGEI—One and two years, straight stems, fine symmetrical tops.

SUGAR MAPLES—We have 20,000 Sugar Maple 1§ to 4 inches, straight, well headed trees, which have been given plenty of room to properly develop. Extreme hardiness, upright growth, toughness of wood, make them the most desirable street or park tree.

PRIVET VULGARIS—We have a fine strain grown from cuttings (not seedlings). The stock hedge of this variety is over twenty years old and has never been injured by frost, although California Privet hedges, in the same vicinity, are frozen down nearly every year. We find it similar, if not identical, to Polish Privet growing on our grounds. We are offering Vulgaris Privet at about one half the price of other hardy Privets.

ENGLISH IVY—Several hundred three year plants grown to stakes with 3 to 4 feet canes.

A Stupendous Quality Inducement

To THE TRADE ACCEPTING FULL SHIPMENTS, A
VERY GENEROUS DISCOUNT OFF MY FALL LIST
WILL BE QUOTED AND FURTHER REMEMBER

When You Want Plants as Good as Halhaway's

You Should Buy of Hathaway For you cannot find better even though you pay more

I am offering in three grades or run of crop put up in attractive bundles the finest lot of quality plants I have ever grown. I offer in Raspberry Tip, Cane, or Transplant* in Black, Purple, Red and Yellow, The Greggs, Cumberland, Kansas, Plum Farmer, Columbian, Cardinal, Haymaker, Royal Purple (the best shipper of all Purples) and Shaffers Collossal, St. Regis (everbearing red) Cuthbert, Eaton, Early King, Marlboro, Miller, Perfection, Ruby, Herbert, Lowdon, and Golden Queen. In Blackberry-Root Cutting, Cane or Sucker and some Transplants, I offer Ancient Britton, Blowers, Eldorado, Early Harvest, Early King, Lucretia Dewberry, Mercereau, Ohmer, Rathbun, Snyder, Taylor and Ward.

Strawberry Plants in leading variety, including Fall Bearers Currants,Grapes and Gooseberry in variety, also the

Evcrblooming Butterfly Bush (a flower)

one of the best selling new novelties of re-
cent introduction. Write me now inclosing
your want list for my special offer for fafl
shipments to be made prompt at the time
you say. Such service should appeal to and
hold your continued patronage.

Yours truly, WICK HATHAWAY
Madison, Ohio
A. A. of N. Permanent Badge No. 187 "tmatj

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Fruit Grower in Receiver's Hands

The American Printing Company, St. Joseph, Mo., owners and publishers of the Fruit Grower and Farmer, is in the hands of a receiver and a petition for involuntary bankruptcy has been filed. Liabilities are $125,000. Claims are mainly for paper and other material by firms outside of St. Joseph. The St. Joseph Gazette says:

Difficulties were encountered when the Morrisana Land company, which was owned by the American Printing company, proved to be a highly unsuccessful investment. Officials of the company admitted a loss of $50,000 was incurred in the speculation.

In 1909 the land company was formed. Eight hundred and eighty acres of land in Garfield county, known as the Grand Valley Colorado, was purchased. This property was valued at $400 an acre, but the investment was $250,000. An option of three years ran out before all the land was sold, and the company suffered a severe loss as a result.

Forty acres of the land was orchard and shortly after acquiring the property, 200 more acres was used for orchard purposes. Apples were the principal fruit set out. It was necessary to keep twenty men busy on the land most of the time. At certain times of the year the number ran up to fifty and sixty. James M. Irvine, one of the stockholders, went out to manage the undertaking.

The land was purchased as an investment solely, at the time the apple boom was at Us height in Colorado. However, before the end of the three years' option period the boom burst and the company was left high and dry.

Since that time every effort has been made to successfully reorganize and put the printing business on its feet. About a year and a half ago R. B. Wixson took charge of the affairs of the American Printing company at the instance of the Carpenter Paper company, of Omaha, the largest creditor.

The officers of the company are: W. G. Campbell, Jr., president; F. Lewis Campbell, vice president: Walter P. Tracy, secrotary-treasurer.

The American Fruit Grower and Farmer was organized and started Jan. 1, 1897. The stockholders at the beginning were W. G. Campbell, F. Lewis Campbell, James M. Irvine, Charles Work, and Wylie Anderson.

The stock is now in the hands of the two Campbells, James Irvine and W. P. Tracy.

It is understood the creditors have seriously considered an offer made by C. B. Edgar, formerly publisher of the St. Joseph Daily News, to purchase the Fruit Grower at $40,000.

The Belgian Azalea Trade

The difficultites of American nurserymen in obtaining supplies of azaleas and similar plants from Belgian growers, are increasing. The allies, having control of the shipping via the English Channel, request that the amount in cash for which each azalea order is sold be deposited in an English bank, to be held there until after the war. This being done, a permit may be issued allowing free passage for such a shipmentt. According to a letter from a Dutch firm of growers, after this became known the Belgian Exporters' Association was notified by the German authorities, who have possession of that part of Belgium where these plants are grown, that in the circumstances export would not be allowed.

When you have anything to sell to Nurserymen, remember this—

No man pays $1.50 a year for AMERICAN FRUITS for fun.

It is because the subscriber is progressive and appreciates the value of the direct service rendered by a Trade Journal of this rank.

It costs money to produce such a journal. It has a direct value for both the subscriber and the advertiser.

COMING EVENTS

Arkansas Hort'l Society—Fort Smith Dec. 7-10.

American Apple Growers' Association—St.

1 nrts, November.

American Association Nurserymen—Milwaukee, Wis., June 21-23, 1916.

Fruit Exhibit, N .Y. State College Agriculture—Ithaca, N. Y., Nov. 4-6.

Indiana Apple Show—Indianapolis, Nov. 6-13.

Kansas Horticultural Society — Topeka, December.

Maine State Pomological Society—Portland, We., Nov. 2-4.

Michigan Horticultural Society — Grand Rapids, Dec. 7-9.

National Orange Show—San Bernardino, Cal., Feb. 17-24, 1916.

Southern Illinois Horticultural Society— Cairo, 111., Nov. 30-Dec. 1.

Southern Iowa Horticultural Society— Atlantic, la., Dec. 1-3.

Western Association Nurserymen—Kansas City, December 8-9, 1915.

Western Washington Fruit Growers* Association—Olympla, Wash., Feb., 1916.

The Minnesota State Horticultural society in its actual beginning was a by-product of the state fair in Rochester. Minn., in 1867. Called without previous arrangement, it included only the men who were present in Rochester on account of the fair. The real beginning came the next year In Minneapolis. At this meeting there appears on the roll the names of A. W. Latham, the present secretary: C. M. Loring, of Minneapolis; Thomas T. Smith, then of St. Paul, and A. W. McKinstry, of Faribault. Mr. McKlnstry was elected president that year of the Fruit Growers' association, as the new society was called. At the Farbault meeting in 1868, Mr. McKinstry recommended the change to the present name. Of the four surviving members of the real beginning, Mr. I>atham and Mr. Smith were in attendance at the recent meeting. Mr. Smith is now a resident of California.

Ameriran 3tfrmia

An International Journal

Nurseries, Arboriculture,
Commercial Horticulture

AMERICAN FRUITS PUBLISHING CO., Inc.
Ellwufer 4 Barry Bids., Rochester, N. Y.
Phoneai - Mnln 1602; Mnln 2S02
RALPH T. OI.COTT, Prew. and Tre»».

Chief International Publication of the Kind

SUBSCRIPTION KATES

One year, In advance - - - 91.50 To Forelajn CountrleM, and Canada - 2.00 Slnfrle Cople* ------ .15

Advertisements should reach this office by the 15th of the month iirevious to date of publication.

Drafts on New York, or postal orders, instead of checks, are requested.

ROCHESTER-, N, Y.. NOV, 1915

"Horticulture in its true sense is the art of cultivating tree fruits, small fruits, vineyards, nut trees, flowers, ornamental shrubs, trees and plants and all kinds of vegetables. Horticulture is one phase of agricultural activity that is not only necessary for the support of mankind by furnishing fruits and vegetables for his consumption, but tends to make his life more enjoyable by giving him flowers, shrubs and trees to decorate his home, both indoors and out."—Nebraska Horticulture.

Orchardists of southwestern Towa express the greatest surprise that complaints have been made from other Iowa sections by apple growers in not being able to market their crop. A conservative estimate of the number of bushels of apples produced in western Iowa this year, almost all of which have already been sold, runs into the hundreds of thousands of bushels, and train load after train load of choice apples have been shipped to sections where cold storage of apples is made a special enterprise.

New skill and new enthusiasm has produced a very heavy apple crop in Indiana this year. It is going to mean a profitable return to the orchardists instead of the negligible items of former years, and is going to provide the people an abundance of this splendid, healthful fruit. Indiana orchardists have achieved no mean triumps in bringing back the apple as one of the important fruit crops of the state.

The National Council of Farmers' Co-operative Associations has joined with the general committee of the National Conference on Marketing and Farm Credits in issuing a call for a third conference to be held in Chicago, November 29 to December 2. The purpose of the conference is to frame legislation for submission to Congress at its coming session, intended to provide adequate banking accommodations for farmers, to stimulate the movement for standardization of farm products for purposes of distribution, and to promote the organization of agriculture along lines which will develop the business side of this fundamental industry.

In order to give the nursery at the Michigan Agricultural college a chance to replenish itself, the forestry department will refrain from shipping any extensive orders for stock to reforest the waste lands of the Btate as has been done on a large scale during the past few years. Last spring the college broke all records in tree shipments and as a result the stock is very low. At the present time workers are busy transplanting 100,000 white pine and spruce trees.

Handling Chestnut Stock

Lest the action of the Federal Horticultural Board in declaring a quarantine of chestnut nursery stock unnecessary, should lead some to think that there is little danger of further spread of the chestnut blight, the Northern Nut Growers' Association at its annual meeting in Rochester entered this minute in its proceedings:

No chestnut stock should go out unless it is thoroughly sterilized by some satisfactory method and tagged by proper authority to show that fact.

States that are still clear of the blight are advised that effective quarantine is desirable to delay, for a time at least, the spread of the blight. Four infestations of chestnut blight have been found in Indiana in July and August, 1915. The fact, and the continued spread of this fatal fungus, are some of the reasons for this recommendation.

It ought not to be difficult to sterilize nursery stock that is sent out since nurserymen have been required to fumigate nursery stock other than chestnut on many occasions. Indeed, the tagging of chestnut nursery stock as having been sterilized and therefore practically safe to plant ought to go a long way in reassuring a prospective planter who might otherwise hesitate to plant chestnut trees in view of the widespread reports of blight ravages.

There is no doubt that the blight has caused great destruction of native chestnut trees in certain sections of eastern states. Within those sections it has apparently spread with rapidity. In the opinion of authorities however, the blight spreads slowly outside of the badly infected area. In its press notice the Federal Horticultural Board, deciding against a quarantine, says: "The disease spreads slowly and opportunity has already existed lor several years for the distribution of this disease in small quantities to areas where extensive new plantings of chestnut are being inaugurated."

The Federal Board recommends that plantings of Chestnut stock be carefully inspected for the presence of the disease. The Northern Nut Growers' Association recommends that chestnut nursery stock should be sterilized before sending it out.

Both recommendations are wise ones. With their observance, chestnut tree planting may progress at least outside of certain eastern state sections. The labor involved in the observance of these recommendations is of small moment compared with the effect of a quarantine.

Government Explorer Returns

Frank N. Meyer, agricultural explorer for the United States Department of Agriculture, returned to Washington last month from China where he has been at work for the government during the last three years. From time to time we have presented to the readers of this publication some of the results of Mr. Meyer's work. In February 1913 in American Fruits and in April 1915 in American Nut Journal we published a portrait of Mr. Meyer as he appeared in goat skins in the Yellow river valley, China. At page 55 of Volume II of the American Nut Journal we presented a view of the trunks of the chestnut tree found in China by Mr. Meyer and which it is believed may prove to be blight resistant in America. For three years Mr. Meyer has been constantly in the wilds of the interior and frontiers of China, Thibet and Siberia. The greater part of this time he lived with one assistant in isolation. He has spent weeks in wildering tribes of Thibetans and Mongols. He has ing tribes of Thibetians and Mongols. He has been faced by barbarians armed with primitive bow and arrow and again he has been attacked or threatened by robber bands and small parties of Chinese soldiers, armed with modern rifles.

During the severe winter months of North China and Thibet he clothed himself in the goat skins of the native and with long hair and matted beard continued relentlessly his search for plants, grasses and shrubs which might be of economic value to the United States.

Mr. Meyer arrived in Seattle, Wash., Oct. 8, on the steamship Minnesota and proceeded to Washington to deliver the result of his investigations.

"My mission to China and other parts of Asia was the study of the economic botany of the country," Mr. Meyer said. "The main object was to get useful and economic plants from China to introduce into this country. Most of the three years I was away was spent in the Yellow River Valley of North China, Thibet and Siberia.

"Contrary to general belief, many of our staple fruits and nuts came originally from China and Thibet, although being brought here from other countries they have in course of time been directly associated with those lands. The English walnut, the chestnut, the peach and persimmon are all in this class.

"Of great importance will be the introduction of chestnut trees from Thibet or China, as in our Eastern states, all the chestnut trees are dying from chestnut blight and may become extinct. The trees from Asia are little liable to these blights. Through countless generations of trees they have been subjected to the same blights and are now semiimmune. Measles are deadly to noninnoculated tribes and with us the disease is trifling. It is the same in plant life.

"Another fruit of which we know but little in the United States is the jujubu and this is a food fruit of considerable value. Dried or preserved, it is equal to the Persian date and will thrive splendidly in the semiarid lands of the United States. It ought to be grown profitably here and will be introduced. These are but a small part of our investigation work, but both are of importance.

"While in the northern interior of China and the frontiers of Thibet we went armed through necessity. Wandering bands of robbers and soldiers belonging to the Chinese army were frequently encountered and while we were often threatened we never were seriously injured."

Frank Nicholson, Wichita, Kan., representative of the Mutual Orange Distributing Company of California, is explaining to his customers that 'Sunkist," "Pure Gold," "Sunshine" and other labels are not the names of oranges. This is not right, says Mr. Nicholson. There are five principal varieties of oranges grown in California—naval, seedlings, Mediterranean sweets, blood orange and Valencia. Naval oranges are on the market from November to February; Valencias from February to March; Seedlings, Mediterraneans and blood from March to November.

The best qualities of each variety arc called the 'Sunkist" or "Pure Gold," according to the distributing company. The next best is "Sunshine" and so on down. Thus when a consumer buys a "Sunkist" or other labeled orange in November, it is not the same variety as the same labeled orange purchased in July. Many people believe that the variety is the same the year round, so Mr. Nicholson is explaining the difference.

W. S. Keeline, orchardist, near Council Bluff, Iowa, will receive $10,000 from his 50 acres of Gaimes Golden and Jonathan apples this year.

Just say you saw It In American Frulta.

Hmertcan ©rcbarbs—"Hmedcan jfrutts" Series

With a decrease of approximately twenty per cent in the production of commercial apples in all parts of the country under last year's output, the marketing of the 1915 crop of apples from orchards in the Ozark region has opened under conditions much more encouraging to the growers and dealers.

According to investigations conducted by the bureau of crop estimates of the federal government, last reports show the condition of the general crop to be about eighty per cent of the yield last year. This estimate, however, will not apply to the orchards of Southern Missouri and Northern Arkansas, judging from the estimates by the department of development of the Frisco. The estimated movement over Frisco lines this year is 1,500 cars, against more than 3,000 last year. Thus, the Ozark crop this year is fully fifty per cent less than in 1914.

Federal experts place the country's total yield of commercial apples this year at 40,000,000 barrels, whereas the commercial crop of 1914 was variously estimated as having been from 50,000,000 to 60,000,000 barrels.

It is reported that, in the large areas where barreled apples are produced, the crop of early fall varieties is relatively larger than the crop of winter varieties. This would seem to indicate that within a very short time a considerable quantity of apples included in the bureau's estimates will be eliminated from consideration. Furthermore it is said that the crop in some sections is seriously affected with fungus and blotch. To the extent that these defects prevail will the merchantable supply be reduced. Under these conditions, therefore, it would appear that the commercial crop of winter varieties may be considerably smaller than the total production the report would seem to show.

ILLINOIS

J. L. Hartwell, of Dixon, is a veteran fruit grower and member of the Illinois Horticultural Society who had about forty-five bushels of apples in his exhibit at the state fair, including twenty-four varieties in the one contest for the largest number of varieties. Dixon in Lee county, is pretty well to the north and even the fruit growers thought that not many varieties of apples could be grown there successfully, but years ago Mr. Hartwell set out to see what he could do, and has succeeded in growing forty varieties, and his exhibit was a very fine one.

IOWA

Iowa has a great many apples this year that are only fair in quality, but it has a moderate supply of very fine fruit, and that in orchards that have been sprayed carefully, according to Prof. S. A. Beach, head of the department of horticulture of Iowa State college. These orchards are in the counties of Harrison, Monona, Mills, Page, Franklin, Des Moines and Floyd. The Lotspiech orchard at Woodbine has about 8,000'bushels of very fine apples; the Derr orchard of Missouri Valley about 12,000; the Worth orchard at Mondamin 5,000, and the Clarinda state hospital, 10,000 bushels; and there are many other such orchards.

A conservative estimate of the apple crop around Hamburg, Iowa, is set at 170,000 bushels for commercial orchards, with many thousand more grown In the small orchards

within a radius of ten miles. W. R. Goy, of Tabor and Fred Spencer of Randolph are two heavy growers who can oe depended upon to market many thousand Darreis. Among the foremost growers about Hamburg are A. A. Simons, G. C. farley, J. M. techtel, A. Li. Huney, U. E. Mincer, ueorge biaffoid, hi. V. Wrignt, Cliff uood and Mrs. D. a. Woods, it is dououui that anouiei county in lowa with better kept oronardsand a higher grade of appies.

KENTUCKY Never in recent years has there been Suju an immense yield of appies in itobeilson county, Ky. ft is sate to estimate that funy $250,000 worth of this fruit alone will go to waste in the county. The ground is covered several inches deep in apples in some orchards and the trees are still hanging full, every branch being strained to hold its load of the largest and finest of apples. In old fields, where seeding apple trees are numerous, these trees are also loaded with apple.5 of a superior quality.

MICHIGAN All fruit crops this year are far below normal, according to the report of L. R. Tan, state inspector of the orchards of Michigan. 'The apple crop will be about one-half a.s large as last year,'' said Professor Tan, "but in some sections there are orchard., which will produce large yields. The Allegan and Van Buren county orchards are the best in years. This can be attributed largely to the spraying and good care given the trees by the owners. In other parts of the state the apples are scabby because of the continued wet weather during the past summer.

"The grape crop will be about two-thirds as large as last year because of the frosts last May, which injured the blossoms, and the cool, wet weather during the summer, which hindered ripening.

The latest figures given out for the apple crop in the Northwest districts for 1915 estimate the output at 11,375 cars. According to growers and shippers, the Yakima valley pear crop will not exceed 600 cars. The Northwestern peach crop totaled twelve hundred cars.

L Oklahoma Nurserymen's Meeting

The Oklahoma Nurserymen's Association met at Oklahoma City, September 28. The nurserymen present reported business better than last year. Considerable time was spent in discussing state laws, although no definite conclusion was reached as to the best methods of improving conditions. It was generally agreed, however, that one of the best ways for nurserymen to counteract the general frenzy of legislators to supervise the nursery business was for the nurserymen themselves to pay a little closer attention to the character of salesmen they employ and give the people a little fairer deal.

P. W. Vaught of Holdenville, Oklahoma, was elected president, and Jim Parker of Tecumseh, Oklahoma, secretary.

W. W. Thomas, of Anna, president; C. F. Heaton, of New Burnside, vice-president and E. G. Mendenhall, of Kinmundy, secretary and treasurer of the Southern Illinois Horticultural society, were in Cairo, 111., last month conferring with Secretary Vanderburg of the Association of Commerce regarding the meeting of the society, to be held in Cairo on Nov. 30 and Dec. 1. The society was organized in Cairo 25 years ago.

Jackson & Perkins Co. Elections

Upon the return of the president, Mr. C. H. Perkins, from California, last month, a meeting of the directors of Jackson & Perkins Company, Newark, N. Y., was held. The iesignation of Mr. John Watson as director and secretary, which had been tendered Sept. 23rd, was duly accepted and regret was expressed by the other directors over the termination of his connection with the company's affairs.

Mr. George C. Perkins was elected to the vacant secretaryship. He will fill both that office and the one of treasurer, which h<5 already held, and will resume the more active participation in the management which he partly relinquished some years ago because of being, at that time, in ill health.

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Mr. Charles H. Perkins, 2nd, a nephew of the president, was made a director and was also elected vice-president. He is well known to the trade, having been for a number of years the company's efficient and energetic travelling representative. During the growing season he also has a general supervision of the various nursery farms. His election as a director and officer is felt by the other directors to be a well deserved recognition of his services.

Mr. Paul Fortmiller, who has been Mr. Watson's chief assistant for the past four years, was promoted to the position of office manager and will have charge of a considerable part of the correspondence.

The outdoor organization of the company remains unchanged and Jackson & Perkins are to be particularly congratulated on having built up and maintained a corps of such loyal and efficient employees. The heads of the greenhouse department and of the shipping department have each worked for the company over twenty-five years, in fact both of them grew up with Jackson & Perkins and neither man ever worked anywhere else.

P. M. Koster of Boskoop, Holland, member of The Netherlands Horticulture Council, which is credited with the extensive horticultural display of that Nation at the Panama-Pacific exposition, arrived in San Francisco, Oct. 12, for an inspection of The Netherlands gardens. "We feel justly proud of the horticultural display of The Netherlands here," said Koster, "but most of all we are glad it has been proved that imported plants can make good here the first year of their adoption, and that it is not necessary for them to become acclimated."

Annual Citrus Seminar at Gainesville, Florida

The largest attendance yet at a citrus seminar in Florida marked that for 1915 last month at Gainesville, Fla.

Interest in the meetings has been growing yearly and the great increase this year is due as much to the increased interest as to greater publicity. A. A. Murphree, President of the University of Florida, delivered the address of welcome. This was followed by a short talk by P. H. Rolfs, Director ot the College of Agriculture. S. E. Collison. ■ chemist of the Experiment Station discussed the use of lime on Florida soils.

"Apply the Babcock Test to the grove and eliminate the drones." Leo B. Scott of the United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry struck a respon sive note in the Citrus Seminar at the University of Florida with the foregoing statement. Mr. Scott's lecture was on bud selection. He has been connected with the bud selection investigations in California for four years. He advised the growers to be careful in selecting their budding stock as the progressive farmer is in selecting his seed corn. Experiments in California have shown that buds selected from heavy bearing trees produce like off-springs. He would have the grower select not only from productive trees but from the heavy bearing branches of those trees.

Mr. Scott said that only ten per cent of the trees in many groves were producing a profit. The remainder were barely paying expenses or were an actual loss. To be able to tell which trees were working and which were loafing he advises the growers to keep individual performance records. Guess work and general impression will not

do. Furthermore, the individual records will
show from which trees the bud wood should
be taken.

The bud wood should be selected from
good, standard, record trees with the fruit
attached. This method eliminates any
chances of using buds from drone trees or
branches. Trees which have been proven
loafers from the records should be rebudded
from this stock, or if they are unhealthy or
unthrifty they should be replaced by young
trees budded from productive trees.

S. C. Hood of the Bureau of Plant Industry gave an outline of the vari()us by-products of the citrus industry and told whit the Government was doing to develop the manufacture of the products. Within the last year a machine has been perfected which will peel cull fruits of any shape and size. This is a great step toward successful utilization of the waste fruits. In foreign countries the work is done by hand, but the people of this country must do it by machinery if they would compete with Europe's cheap labor.

Marketing and distributing problems must be settled co-operatively. This is the opinion of C. J. Brand, Chief of the Office of Markets and Rural Organizations, United States Department of Agriculture, who addressed the Citrus Seminar on co-operative marketing at the University of Florida Thursday. Co-operation is the first step and without it there can be no effective and satisfactory solution to the growers' problems.

In Receiver's Hands Temporarily

Editor American Fruits:

We wish to inform our friends and patrons through your columns that our Company has found it necessary to go into the hands of a receiver for a short period in order to protect our interests as well as the interest of our creditors. If we can get permission from the Court to allow the business to be continued, and we are sure we can, it will pay dollor for dollar and have a business left. Arrangements are about completed for enough cash to get out our Fall sales. All orders received will be filled as usual and with promptness and we want your co-operation.

We regret this and especially after a career of more than 65 years. We believe that we have had the confidence of the Nursery trade and shall hope to continue to have it.

We will need some little stock this Fall and of course, the payment of all such orders will be guaranteed by the receiver. General conditions all over the country— low prices caused by over-productions, are the only reasons we can give for our condition.

FRANKLIN DAVIS NURSERY CO.,

Joseph Davis, President Baltimore, Md., October 21, 1915.

James Searcy, Anderson, Ky., has purchased and shipped already one carload of hickory nuts. He is in the market for forty carloads more at $1 per bushel, with the advance in price.

Complete information on walnut culture in Oregon is given, with many illustrations in 'Walnut Growing In Oregon" which has passed through two editions. It is edited by J. C. Cooper, president of the Western Walnut Growers Association and a recognized authority on the walnut in the northwest.

APPLE TREES

AT

ROCK BOTTOM

Fine growth. Free from disease.
Full list of varieties.

ALSO

Our Usual Supply of

Cherry, Peach, Plum and Pear Trees

APPLE SEEDLINGS

Ornamental Shrubs

Small Fruit, Vines

Strawberries, etc.

LR.TAYLOR&SONS

TOPEKA, KANSAS

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Hill's Evergreens

YOU can work up a good profitable trade in Evergreens if you have the right kind of stock. Our main specialty for over half a century has been the propagation of young Evergreen stock for the wholesale trade in immense quantities at low prices.

We have all the leading varieties in small sizes, for all purposes, suitable for lining out to grow on for your trade.

Nurserymen who have heretofore depended on Europe for their young Evergreen plants can now be assured of a good reliable source of supply right here in America, and we solicit the opportunity of quoting on your requirements.

"Made in U. S. A." and "American Stock for American Planters" should, from now on, more than ever, be the slogan of American Nurserymen, for it means "money saved in the long run" to start with nice, strong, sturdy, vigorous American-grown stock which has been produced right here in America.

YOU want to keep posted on Kvergreens;
WE want to become better acquainted with you;
Let's get together.

THE D. HILL NURSERY CO., Inc.

EVERGREEN SPECIALISTS Largest Growers in America Box 402 DUNDEE. ILL.

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