Theories of Personality: Understanding Persons

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Pearson Education, 2013 - Kişilik - 426 pages
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Found in this Section: 1. Brief Table of Contents 2. Full Table of Contents 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction to Personality Theory Part 1: The Psychoanalytic Perspective Chapter 2 Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis Chapter 3 Jung: Analytical Psychology Part II: The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective Chapter 4 Adler: Individual Psychology Chapter 5 Erikson: Psychosocial Development Chapter 6 Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Part III: The Trait Perspective Chapter 7 Allport: Personological Trait Theory Chapter 8 Two Factor Analytic Trait Theories: Cattell,s 16 Factors and the Big Five Chapter 9 Biological Theories: Evolution, Genetics, and Biological Factor Theories Part IV: The Behavioral Perspective Chapter 10 The Challenge of Behaviorism: Dollard and Miller, Skinner, and Staats Chapter 11 Kelly: Personal Construct Theory Chapter 12 Mischel: Traits in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter 13 Bandura: Performance in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Part V: The Humanistic Perspective Chapter14 Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Chapter 15 Maslow and His Legacy: Need Hierarchy Theory and Positive Psychology Chapter 16 Buddhist Psychology: Lessons From Eastern Culture Chapter 17 Conclusion 2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: Introduction to Personality Theory Personality: The Study of Individuals Description of Personality Personality Dynamics Personality Development The Scientific Approach Methods in Personality Research One Theory or Many? Eclecticism and the Future of Personality Theory Summary Part 1: The Psychoanalytic Perspective Chapter 2: Freud: Classical Psychoanalysis Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Freud,s Theory The Unconscious Structures of the Personality Intrapsychic Conflict Personality Development Psychoanalytic Treatment Psychoanalysis as a Scientific Theory Summary Chapter 3: Jung: Analytical Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Jung,s Theory The Structure of Personality Symbolism and the Collective Unconscious Therapy Synchronicity Psychological Types Summary Part II: The Psychoanalytic-Social Perspective Chapter 4: Adler: Individual Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Adler,s Theory Striving from Inferiority toward Superiority The Unity of Personality The Development of Personality Psychological Health Interventions Based on Adler,s Theory Summary Chapter 5: Erikson: Psychosocial Development Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Erikson,s Theory The Epigenetic Principle The Psychosocial Stages The Role of Culture in Relation to the Psychosocial Stages Racial and Ethnic Identity Research on Development through the Psychosocial Stages Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Psychology Summary Chapter 6: Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Interpersonal Psychoanalysis: Horney Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility Three Interpersonal Orientations Four Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety Secondary Adjustment Techniques Cultural Determinants of Development Therapy Parental Behavior and Personality Development The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory The Sense of Self in Relationships Narcissism Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood Therapy Summary Part III: The Trait Perspective Chapter 7: Allport: Personological Trait Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Allport,s Theory Major Themes in Allport,s Work Allport,s Definition of Personality Personality Traits Personality Development Personality and Social Phenomena Eclecticism Summary Chapter 8: Two Factor Analytic Trait Theories: Cattell,s 16 Factors and the Big Five Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Factor Analytic Trait Theories Factor Analysis The 16 Factor Theory: Cattell Personality Measurement and the Prediction of Behavior Because Personality Is Complex: A Multivariate Approach Psychological Adjustment Three Types of Traits Predicting Behavior Determinants of Personality: Heredity and Environment The Role of Theory in Cattell,s Empirical Approach The Big Five Factor Theory Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Conscientiousness Openness A Hierarchical Model Are the Five Factors Universal? Various Measures of the Big Five Factors and Other Personality Constructs Summary Chapter 9: Biological Theories: Evolution, Genetics, and Biological Factor Theories Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Biological Theories Evolutionary Approaches Aggression and Dominance Sexual Behavior Parental Behavior Altruism and Social Emotions Culture Genetics and Personality Temperament Emotional Arousal Cortical Arousal Biological Factor Theories: Eysenck, Gray, and Others Eysenck,s "PEN" Biological Model Gray,s Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Cloninger,s Tridimensional Model Biological Mechanisms in Context Summary Part IV: The Behavioral Perspective Chapter 10: The Challenge of Behaviorism: Dollard and Miller, Skinner, and Staats Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Behavioral Theories Psychoanalytic Learning Theory: Dollard and Miller Learning Theory Reconceptualization of Psychoanalytic Concepts Four Fundamental Concepts About Learning The Learning Process The Four Critical Training Periods of Childhood Frustration and Aggression Conflict Language, Neurosis, and Psychotherapy Suppression Radical Behaviorism: Skinner Behavior as the Data for Scientific Study Learning Principles Applications of Behavioral Techniques Radical Behaviorism and Personality: Some Concerns Psychological Behaviorism: Staats Reinforcement Basic Behavioral Repertoires Situations Psychological Adjustment The Nature-Nurture Question from the Perspective of Psychological Behaviorism The Act Frequency Approach to Personality Measurement Contributions of Behaviorism to Personality Theory Summary Chapter 11: Kelly: Personal Construct Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Kelly,s Theory Constructive Alternativism The Process of Construing The Structure of Construct Systems The Social Embeddedness of Construing Efforts The Role Construct Repertory (REP) Test Cognitive Complexity Personality Change Therapy Research Findings Summary Chapter 12: Mischel: Traits in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Mischel,s Theory Delay of Gratification Personality Traits: Mischel,s Challenge The CAPS Model Applications of the CAPS Model of Personality Summary Chapter 13: Bandura: Performance in Cognitive Social Learning Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Bandura,s Theories Reciprocal Determinism Self-Regulation of Behavior: The Self-System Self-Efficacy Processes Influencing Learning Observational Learning and Modeling Therapy The Person in the Social Environment Summary Part V: The Humanistic Perspective Chapter14: Rogers: Person-Centered Theory Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Rogers,s Theory The Actualizing Tendency The Self Development Therapy Other Applications Criticisms of Rogers,s Theory Summary Chapter 15: Maslow and His Legacy: Need Hierarchy Theory and Positive Psychology Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Maslow,s Theory Need Hierarchy Theory: Maslow Maslow,s Vision of Psychology Hierarchy of Needs Self-Actualization Applications and Implications of Maslow,s Theory Maslow,s Challenge to Traditional Science Self-Determination Theory and Intrinsic Motivation Positive Psychology Positive Subjective Experience Positive Traits Positive Institutions The Promise of Positive Psychology Summary Chapter 16: Buddhist Psychology: Lessons From Eastern Culture Chapter Overview Preview: Overview of Buddhist Psychology The Relevance of Buddhism for Personality Psychology A Brief History of Buddhism The Buddhist Worldview: The Four Noble Truths Buddhism and Personality Concepts Spiritual Practices Buddhism and Psychotherapy The Importance of the Dialogue, and Some Cautions Summary Chapter 17: Conclusion Chapter Overview Choosing or Combining Theories Theories as Metaphors Summary.

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About the author (2013)

Sue Cloninger is a California native who, after living several places in the U.S. and Germany, has settled in upstate New York for the past three decades. She is a professor of psychology at the Sage Colleges in Troy and Albany, New York, and also teaches online through Empire State College. Currently she chairs the Institutional Research Board (IRB) at The Sage Colleges. Her graduate work at The University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, under a National Science Foundation fellowship, focused on personality and motivation. Other interests include topics at the interface of personality and social psychology, such as the self. She's proud of her son John, an architect. In her spare time, she enjoys music, plays, and gardening.

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