Report of the Geological Survey of Miami County, Kansas

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Printed at the Journal of commerce steam Press printing house, 1865 - Geology - 24 pages
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Page 11 - ... long series of ages have abundantly supplied. The soil, by this process, is formed exceedingly slow, but the increase is sure. Slow as the process, the long period since that lake was drained away has been ample for the formation of the deposit and the richest soil of the continent, as shown by the following analysis of a soil from a highly-cultivated ridge, underlaid by well-developed marl: "Soils No. la...
Page 24 - Such are some of the facts observed during the examination of Miami county, and it would seem they are sufficient to convince any one familiar with the indications and developments of petroleum in the productive oil regions of the country that it must exist in large quantities in this county. The facts that scarcely a well has been dug without finding petroleum in some of its forms; that four sandstones are in many places perfectly saturated with it; that more or less of it is found in the cavities...
Page 12 - This limestone is well exposed in the eastern bluff of the Marais des Cygnes; in the highest points north of 'the Devil's Backbone' above Stanton." There can be no doubt, therefore, regarding his exact use of the term at this place. However, he may have been led into error in correlating it with other limestones in other parts of the state. This is the same limestone formation named Piqua by Adams...
Page 20 - ... we commenced our experiments to recuperate this exhausted soil by deep plowing. The subsoil is a clayey marl. This marl we think will increase the fertility of the soil, if gradually mixed with it To do this, we use the common plow, and follow it with the subsoil plow, which leaves the subsoil in the furrow to be covered by the next furrow of the common plow. Thus, without manure or dressing of any kind, we have raised good crops every season, good and bad, for six years. We shall next try subsoiling...

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