Architecture and Ritual in the Churches of Constantinople: Ninth to Fifteenth Centuries
This book examines the interchange of architecture and ritual in the Middle and Late Byzantine churches of Constantinople (ninth to fifteenth centuries). It employs archaeological and archival data, hagiographic and historical sources, liturgical texts and commentaries, and monastic typika and testaments to integrate the architecture of the medieval churches of Constantinople with liturgical and extra-liturgical practices and their continuously evolving social and cultural context. The book argues against the approach that has dominated Byzantine studies: that of functional determinism, the view that architectural form always follows liturgical function. Instead, proceeding chapter by chapter through the spaces of the Byzantine church, it investigates how architecture responded to the exigencies of the rituals, and how church spaces eventually acquired new uses. The church building is described in the context of the culture and people whose needs it was continually adapted to serve. Rather than viewing churches as frozen in time (usually the time when the last brick was laid), this study argues that they were social constructs and so were never finished, but continually evolving.
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altar apse architecture Arranz bema Blachernai BMFD building Byzantine churches Byzantine rite celebrated Chora Christ church of Saint clergy Collections and Fieldwork Constantinople Constantinopolitan Courtesy of Dumbarton cross-in-square decoration diakonikon Divine Liturgy dome Dumbarton Oaks eleventh century Emperor Eucharistic Euchologion Evergetis evidence example exonarthex Fieldwork Archives,Washington function funerary chapel galleries Hagia Sophia Hagios holy icons Image Collections Janin Kalenderhane Kalenderhane Camii katholikon Kecharitomene Late Byzantine periods liturgical located main apse Manastır Mango Mathews Mescidi Middle Byzantine Millingen 1912 monastery tou Libos monastic Müller-Wiener 1977 Myrelaion naos narthex ninth ofthe outer aisles outer ambulatory Palaiologan Pammakaristos Pantokrator Pantokrator monastery Pasa Camii patriarch prayer Protheoria prothesis prothesis rite Redrawn ritual rubrics Saint John sanctuary side rooms skeuophylakion south church space Stoudios Symeon ofThessalonike Synaxarion Taft templon tenth century Theotokos Theotokos tou Libos tombs tou Libos XXIII tripartite bema twelfth century typika typikon καὶ τὴν τῆς τοῦ τῶν