Literary Activities and Attitudes in the Stanislavian Age in Poland (1764-1795): A Social System?
The present book for the first time links the thoughts of modern Western sociologists of literature with an overall description of the literary activities, attitudes, and views in late eighteenth-century Poland. Inspired by the studies of Bourdieu on literary fields and, more particular, S.J. Schmidt's study of the history of the rise and development of the social system 'literature' in Germany in the eighteenth-century (cf. Schmidt 1989), the author tries to establish whether Poland witnessed the rise of a more complex and (relatively) autonomous literary field or, as Schmidt calls it, a functionally differentiated literary system in the age of the reign of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski (1764-1795). Functionally differentiated literary systems - systems in which an increased number of literary agents and institutions produce, sell, buy, and criticize literary works according to capitalist principles - are the literary systems of today. As most scholars believe, their origins are to be found in most European nations in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Did such a modern literary system, albeit with certain limitations, rise in Poland in the years of the rule of Stanislaw A. Poniatowski? - this is the question the author of the present volume will attempt to answer. This volume is of interest to theoreticians and empirical researchers approaching literature from a sociological point of view, historians, and, of course, slavists interested in eighteenth-century literary developments in Poland.
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The Limited Stanislavian Literary System
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The Early Years
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A.K. Czartoryski according advertisements anonymous appeared authors Bar Confederates belles-lettres Bohomolec booksellers bookshops burghers catalogues centre classicist comedies Confederates of Bar contemporary copies Cracow described differentiation discussed Doswiadczynski ducats Dufour editions eighteenth century Enlightenment essays foreign French German GNiO Groll Izabela Izabela Czartoryska Jan Potocki journals King Klimowicz Kostkiewiczowa Krajewski's Krajewski's novels Krasicki letter Libera literary activities literary criticism literary producers literary reviews literary system literature Lwow magnate memoirs mentioned Mitzler Monitor Naruszewicz newspapers Niemcewicz operas papers Patriot performed period Piarists pieces plays playwrights Podkomorzy Podolanka Podolian Girl poems poetry poets Poland polemics Polish Enlightenment Polish literary Polish literature Polish novels Potocki printed printers printing-offices Public Theatre published readers reading societies referred relation role Rudnicka satires Sejm Stanislavian Age Stanislaw Stanislaw August Poniatowski sub-period Switkowski's Szczepaniec titles towns translation views Warsaw court Warsaw Gazette Wegierski Wilno Wojciech women writers written wrote Zablocki
Strona 22 - It is, therefore, very rarely a uni-system but is, necessarily, a polysystem - a multiple system, a system of various systems which intersect with each other and partly overlap, using concurrently different options, yet functioning as one structured whole whose members are interdependent...