Rotting Face: Smallpox and the American Indian
The smallpox epidemic of 1837-1838 forever changed the tribes of the Northern Plains.a Before it ran out of human fuel, the disease claimed 20,000 souls.a R.G. Robertson tells the story of this deadly virus with modern implications. "
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Rotting face: smallpox and the American IndianUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
The term rotting face refers to the confluent pustules that were a common symptom of the variola major strain of smallpox in Native American communities. Robertson, a retired businessman and veteran ... Read full review
Late Spring 1837
Smallpox in the New World
Early Summer 1837
The Village Tribes of the Upper Missouri
Mid Summer 1837
Smallpox and the Fur Trade After the Revolution
Late Summer 1837
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aboard American Fur Company Arikara women Assiniboines Atsinas band beaver Blackfeet Blackfoot boat bourgeois buffalo robes camp Captain Pratte Catlin Chief Clark Company’s Council Bluffs cowpox cowpox vaccine Culbertson death deckhand Denig DeVoto disease early Effect of Smallpox engagés European fire Fort Bellevue Fort Clark Fort Kiowa Fort Pierre Fort Union Four Bears Francis Chardon French fur trade Halsey’s herds Hidatsas horses Hudson’s Bay Company hunters hunting infected inoculation Iroquois Jacob Halsey Joshua Pilcher Journal keelboat killed Kiowa Knife River Lakotas Larpenteur lived lodges Louis mackinaws Mandans Mandans and Arikaras McKenzie meat miles Missouri River Mitutanka Village mouth muskets North Ojibwas party passengers pelts Peter’s Piegans Pierre Chouteau Pierre Chouteau Jr population prairie Pratte & Chouteau rotting face Shoshoni sick smallpox smallpox epidemic South Spanish steamboat steamer Stearn and Stearn trading post tribal Union upper Missouri upriver Variola major Variola virus village tribes wife winter Yankton
Page xvii - I am Wounded, and by Whom, by those same White Dogs that I have always Considered, and treated as Brothers. I do not fear Death my friends. You Know it, but to die with my face rotten, that even the Wolves will shrink with horror at seeing Me, and say to themselves, that is the 4 Bears the Friend of the Whites— "Listen well what I have to say, as it will be the last time you will hear Me.
Page xvii - My Friends one and all, Listen to what I have to say — Ever since I can remember, I have loved the Whites, I have lived With them ever since I was a Boy, and to the best of my Knowledge, I have never wronged a White Man, on the Contrary, I have always Protected them from the insults of Others, Which they cannot deny. The 4 Bears never saw a White Man hungry, but what he gave him to eat, Drink, and a Buffaloe skin to sleep on, in time of Need. I was always ready to die for them, Which they cannot...
Page xvii - I have lived With them ever since I was a Boy, and to the best of my Knowledge I have never Wronged a White Man; on the Contrary, I have always protected them from the insults of Others, Which they cannot deny. The 4 Bears never saw a White Man hungry, but what he gave him to eat, Drink, and a buffaloe skin to sleep on, in time of Need. I was always ready to die for them, which they cannot deny. I have done every thing that a red Skin could do for them, and how have they repaid itl Wth ingratitude!
Page xvii - I do not fear death, my friends. You know it. But to die with my face rotten, that even the wolves will shrink with horror at seeing me, and say to themselves, "That is the Four Bears, the friend of the whites.
Page xvii - Bears, the friend of the whites. Listen well what I have to say, as it will be the last time you will hear me. Think of your wives, children, brothers, sisters, friends, and in fact all that you hold dear— are all dead, or dying, with their faces all rotten, caused by those dogs the whites?
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