Introduction to Classical Nahuatl, Volume 1

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University of Oklahoma Press, 2003 - Foreign Language Study - 678 pages
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For many years, J. Richard Andrews’s Introduction to Classical Nahuatl has been the standard reference work for scholars and students of Nahuatl, the language used by the ancient Aztecs and the Nahua Indians of Central Mexico. Andrews’s work was the first book to make Nahuatl accessible as a coherent language system and to recognize such crucial linguistic features as vowel length and the glottal stop. Accompanied by a workbook, this long-awaited new edition is extensively revised, enlarged, and updated with the latest research.

The revised edition is guided by the same intentions as those behind the first. Andrews’s approach is "anthropological," teaching us to understand Nahuatl according to its own distinctive grammar and to reject translationalist descriptions based on English or Spanish notions of grammar. In particular, Andrews emphasizes the nonexistence of words in Nahuatl (except for the few so-called particles) and stresses the nuclear clause as the basis for Nahuatl linguistic organization. Besides an increase in the number of chapters (from forty-eight to fifty-seven, including a more detailed treatment of place names), the new edition contains an innovative approach to personal names and the introduction of the square zero to indicate irregular morphological silence. The accompanying workbook provides exercises linked to the text, a key to the exercises, and an extensive vocabulary list.

 

 

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Contents

Linguistic Preliminaries
3
Pronunciation Orthography
24
Particles
39
Nuclear Clauses
45
The Intransitive VNC Formula Subject Pronouns Tense Morphs
50
The Transitive VNC Formula Object Pronouns
56
Verbstem Classes
61
Further Remarks on VNCs Basic Sentences
72
Nominalization of VNCs Part One
319
Nominalization of VNCs Part Two
339
Deverbal Nounstems Part One
356
Deverbal Nounstems Part Two
367
Deverbal Nounstems Part Three
376
Adjectival NNCs Part One
395
Adjectival NNCs Part Two
406
Adjectival Modification Part One
413

The Optative Mood Wish Sentences CommandExhortation Sentences
78
The Admonitive Mood Admonition Sentences
84
Irregular VNCs
90
The AbsolutiveState NNC Formula Subject Pronouns
100
The PossessiveState NNC Formula Subject and Possessor Pronouns
105
Nounstem Classes
109
Further Remarks on NNCs
120
Pronominal NNCs
126
Supplementation Part One
136
Supplementation Part Two
143
Supplementation Part Three
149
The Nonactive Verbstem
160
The PassiveVoice VNC
165
Impersonal VNCs
170
More on Verb Objects
176
Causative Verbstems First Type Destockal Verbstems
182
Causative Verbstems Second Type
195
Applicative Verbstems
211
Frequentative Verbstems
228
Verbal Embed
235
Purposive VNCs
251
Nominal Embed
260
Compound Nounstems
279
Affective NNCs
289
Honorific VNCs Pejorative VNCs
298
CardinalNumeral NNCs
307
Adjectival Modification Part Two
423
Adverbial Nuclear Clauses
430
Relational NNCs Part One
445
Relational NNCs Part Two
454
Relational NNCs Part Three
476
PlaceName NNCs Gentilic NNCs
493
Adverbial Modification Part One
512
Adverbial Modification Part Two
523
Complementation
537
Conjunction
544
The Notion of Similarity Comparison
559
Denominal Verbstems Part One
567
Denominal Verbstems Part Two
585
PersonalName NNCs
593
Miscellany Part One
608
Miscellany Part Two
616
VNC Paradigms
627
NNC Paradigms
632
Object Pronoun Combinations
639
Numeral NNCs and Numbers
644
Day Month and Year Names
648
Spelling Conventions in Older Texts
655
Suggested Reading
659
Index
663
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

J. Richard Andrews (1924-2014), Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and of Spanish and Portuguese at Vanderbilt University, was considered the foremost living authority on the Classical Nahuatl language. He is the author of Juan del Encina: Prometheus in Search of Prestige and coauthor of Patterns for Reading Spanish.

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