Creating New States: Theory and Practice of Secession
Secession is the creation of a new independent state out of an existing state. Examined through political, social and legal processes, the first part of the volume deals with the practice of secessions. Following an analysis of secessionist movements and their role in attempts at secession, eight case studies are explored to illustrate peaceful, violent, sequential and recursive secessions. Part two deals with the theoretical approaches and starts with a discussion of theories that attempt to explain why and how secessions take place and the economic causes. This book systematizes our present knowledge of secessions in an accessible way to readers not familiar with the phenomenon and its consequences.
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A variety of deﬁnitions
What is Secession?
1 The secession of Iceland
2 The attempted secession of the Confederate States
Norway Slovakia and Quebec
Biafra Bangladesh Chechnya
The USSR and Yugoslavia
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according achieve actions acts agreement appears argue armed army attempts at secession authorities Bangladesh beneﬁts causally cause cent central Chapter Chechen Chechnya choice claim common Communist conﬂict constitutional Court Croatia cultural demands democratic discussed distinct East economic effective equal established ethnic example existing explain failed federal federal units ﬁrst force former gain goals harm host independence institutions intemational Kosovo lead leaders liberal majority military minority mobilization national groups nationalist necessary negotiations Norway offer organizations Pakistan parliament particular parties peaceful political population present principle proclaimed Quebec question recognition recognized reference referendum regarded regions relations representatives republics resistance response result rule Russian secede secessionist group secessionist movements secure self-determination separate Serb SFRY Slovak Slovakia Slovenia social sovereign sovereignty Soviet territory theories unilateral Union units USSR violence vote Yugoslav Yugoslavia