A system of chemistry: in four volumes, Volume 1

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Printed and published by Abraham Small, No. 112, Chesnut Street, 1818 - Science
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Page ii - IDE, of the said District, hath deposited in this office, the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit : " Inductive Grammar, designed for beginners. By an Instructer." In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States...
Page ii - In conformity to the act of the Congress .of the United States^ intituled, " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.
Page 28 - ... the angle of reflection is always equal to the angle of incidence, the image for any point can be seen only in the reflected ray prolonged.
Page ii - An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, ' An Act for the eneouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the Arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.
Page 82 - All solid bodies, a very small number excepted, may be converted into liquids by heating them sufficiently ; and, on the other hand, every liquid, except spirit of wine, is convertible into a solid body, by exposing it to a sufficient degree of cold. All liquid bodies may, by heating them, be converted into elastic fluids, and a great many solids are capable of undergoing the same change ; and lastly, the number of elastic fluids, which by cold are condensible into liquids or solids, is by no means...
Page 175 - The compound of oxygen and iodine, when entirely freed by heat from the compound of oxygen and chlorine, appears as a white semi-transparent solid ; it has no smell, but a strong astringent sour taste. Its specific gravity is considerable ; for it rapidly sinks in sulphuric acid. When heated strongly it decomposes, undergoing fusion at the moment, and is entirely converted into gaseous matter and iodine, leaving no residuum whatever. It requires for its entire decomposition a heat which is rather...
Page 60 - If we take a bar of iron and a piece of stone of equal dimensions, and, putting one end of each into the fire, apply either thermometers or our hands to the other, we shall find the extremity of the iron sensibly hot long before that of the stone. Caloric therefore is not conducted through all bodies with the same celerity and ease.
Page 23 - Newton had infused for the mathematical science was so great, that it drew within its vortex almost every man of eminence in Britain. But when Dr. Cullen became Professor of Chemistry in Edinburgh, in 1756, he kindled a flame of enthusiasm among the students, which was soon spread far and wide by the subsequent discoveries of Black, Cavendish, and Priestley; and meeting with the kindred fires which were already burning in France, Germany, Sweden, and Italy, the science of chemistry burst forth at...
Page 43 - As heat radiates from luminous bodies like light, and without any sensible diminution of their weight, it is reasonable to conclude that its particles must be equally minute. Therefore neither the addition of caloric nor its abstraction can sensibly affect the weight of bodies. As this follows necessarily as a consequence from Dr.
Page 88 - ... instantly rises to the freezing point; so that the water has acquired ten degrees of caloric in an instant. Now, whence came these ten degrees ? Is it not evident that they must have come from that part of the water which was frozen, and consequently that water in the act of freezing gives out caloric ? From a good many experiments which I have made on water in these circumstances, I have found reason to conclude, that the quantity of ice which forms suddenly on the agitation of water, cooled...

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