Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 28, 1998 - History - 354 pages
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Martin Klein's book is a history of slaves during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in three former French colonies. It investigates the changing nature of local slavery over time, and the evolving French attitudes towards it, through the phases of trade, conquest and colonial rule. The heart of the study focuses on the period between 1876 and 1922, when a French army composed largely of slave soldiers took massive numbers of slaves in the interior, while in areas near the coast, hesitant actions were taken against slave-raiding, trading and use. After 1900, the French withdrew state support of slavery, and as many as a million slaves left their masters. A second exodus occurred after World War I, when soldiers of slave origin returned home. The renegotiation of relationships between those who remained and their masters carries the story into the contemporary world.
 

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Contents

Slavery in the Western Sudan
1
Abolition and retreat Senegal 18481876
19
Slavery slavetrading and social revolution
37
Senegal after Briere
59
Conquest of the Sudan Desbordes to Archinard
77
Senegal in the 1890s
94
The end of the conquest
108
The imposition of metropolitan priorities on slavery
126
French fears and the limits to an emancipation policy
178
Looking for the tracks How they did it
197
After the War renegotiating social relations
216
A question of honor
237
Appendixes
252
Notes
260
Bibliography
317
Index
347

With smoke and mirrors slavery and the conquest of Guinea
141
The Banamba exodus
159

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