Alienation Effects: Performance and Self-Management in Yugoslavia, 1945-91
In the 1970s, Yugoslavia emerged as a dynamic environment for conceptual and performance art. At the same time, it pursued its own form of political economy of socialist self-management. Alienation Effects argues that a deep relationship existed between the democratization of the arts and industrial democracy, resulting in a culture difficult to classify. The book challenges the assumption that the art emerging in Eastern Europe before 1989 was either “official” or “dissident” art; and shows thatthe break up of Yugoslavia was not a result of “ancient hatreds” among its peoples but instead came from the distortion and defeat of the idea of self-management.
The case studies include mass performances organized during state holidays; proto-performance art, such as the 1954 production of Waiting for Godot in a former concentration camp in Belgrade; student demonstrations in 1968; and body art pieces by Gina Pane, Joseph Beuys, Marina Abramovic, and others. Alienation Effects sheds new light on the work of well-known artists and scholars, including early experimental poetry by Slavoj Žižek, as well as performance and conceptual artists that deserve wider, international attention.
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Abramović action aesthetic aestheticism alienation April Meeting art historian artistic practice associated labor audience autogestion baroque Baton Belgrade University Belgrade’s body capitalism celebration conceptual art creativity crisis critical critique Denegri disalienation discourse early emerged Europe exhibit factories federal festival gallery historical idea ideological industrial Informel institutions journal June Korčula Lacan Laibach language League of Communists mance Marcuse Marina Abramović Marx Marx’s Marxism mass ment Milivojević movement Oktobar 75 organization painting Pane Pane’s participants Party performance period philosophers photograph political economy Popović position Praxis Praxis school production published radical represents republics revolution self-management Serbia Slobodan Slovene Slovenia social socialist aestheticism socialist realism society Soviet Union Staro sajmište Stilinović structure Student Cultural Center symbolic theater theory tion Tito Tito’s Todosijević turn Waiting for Godot word workers writing Youth Day Youth Work Action Yugoslav Yugoslav self-management Zagreb Žižek