The Latin Language: An Historical Account of Latin Sounds, Stems and Flexions

Front Cover
Clarendon Press, 1894 - Latin language - 659 pages
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Descriptions of the Usound by Latin phoneticians
35
Greek v in Latin
36
o for u
37
Grammarians account of diphthongs
39
Ter Maurus on au
40
a for au
41
Greek transcriptions of au
42
ai for ae
43
oe and e
44
Testimony of grammarians
47
j and v in early Latin
48
in late Latin and Romance
49
Intervocalic v dropped
52
ai ei before a vowel
53
Testimony of grammarians
55
h between vowels
57
Versus versum adversus adversum exadversus exadversum
58
MN
60
Phonetic descriptions of normal m n
65
Final m
67
8EC PAOK 66 ns
69
gn
70
Tenues and mediae
71
Greek tenues in loanwords
74
Confusion of mediae and tenues in Latin words
75
Mediae and tenues at end of word
76
Mediae and tenues in the Dialects
77
B P
78
bs bt
79
bm mb
80
Phonetic descriptions of d t
82
tl
83
K C G QJJ GTJ
84
Phonetic descriptions of the Gutturals
86
c g before narrow vowels
87
ct tt
89
Phonetic descriptions of 1
91
The grammarians on the pronunciation of 1
92
Parasitic vowel with 1 r
93
Avoidance of two rs
95
is
96
rl
97
ly
98
Descriptions of the sound of f
100
SRC PAOE 116 mf ioo 117 8 X Z
101
Phonet ic descriptions of s x
103
Greek f Latin z
104
Old Roman z
105
s before a consonant
107
Final s
108
Testimony of the grammarians no 129 Reduction of 11 to 1 ss to s after a diphthong or long vowel
110
Confusion of single nnd double letter in Latin
113
Double consonants in Italian
118
Final double consonant rig 134 Final consonants
119
35 Sandhiin Latin
121
Latin Doublets
122
Dropping of final consonants in Romance
124
Testimony of grammarians
125
Quantity
126
Position
129
Shortening of long vowel before another vowel
131
Change in quantity of vowel before certain consonantgroups
133
r with consonant
140
s with consonant
141
with consonant
142
Vowelcontraction in compounds in the early dramatists
143
Syuizesis in Late and Vulgar Latin
144
Parasitic vowels
145
CHAPTER III
148
Testimony of the grammarians 1 On the Nature of the Latin Accent
154
Accentuation of Greek loanwords
155
Romance Accentuation
156
SEC PAGE
157
Exceptions to the Paenultima Law
163
Syncope
170
Syncope in the Praenestine Dialect of Latin
177
Syncope under the Paenultima Accent Law 1 Pretonic
183
Other Examples I Syllables long by position
191
n Pretonic
200
Change of final short vowel to e
206
Shortening of final0
212
SSC PAOE
214
Latin a for I Eur ft
221
Latin a for I Eur o under influence of v
235
AI
241
Other examples of I Eur oi
247
SEC PAGE
250
55
259
N
271
n for r
278
Other examples of I Eur t
284
The Gutturals
290
Other examples of I Eur gh
297
SEC lAOK
302
Sibilant before r in middle of word
308
Other examples of Assimilation
314
U6 TJA
322
591
327
MO MA
328
SEC PAOB 32 Adjectives formed by the LOsuffix
332
Diminutives
333
The suffix dhlo
334
Participles in tus
335
Abstract Nouns in ta sa
336
Adjectives with the Ksuffix
337
I
338
37 STI 339
339
Other examples of Latin li ri
340
Other examples of the suffix tiin Latin
341
Adjectival ti for to in Latin
342
Other examples of Ustems in Latin
343
Other examples of TUstems
344
Adjective ESstems 35
356
Other S stems
357
Suffixless stems at end of Compounds in Latin
358
Reduplicated Nouns and Adjectives in Latin 33
363
Osteins 3t 84 Istems
364
Rstems
365
CHAPTER VI
366
Norn Sing 1 Masc Fern
373
ROstoms
374
YOstems
375
Sstems
376
Diphthong steins
377
Istems
378
Rstems
379
Astems
381
Fifth Decl Stems
383
Ustems
384
Dat Sing
385
Astems
386
Ostems
387
The endings im and em
388
Other examples
389
Abl Sicg
390
Latin Abl with d
391
Istem and Cons stem Abl in i and e
392
Instr Sing
393
Locative Sing
395
Locatives in I and e in Latin
396
Astems c
397
Astems
398
Istems
399
Gen Plur
401
urn and orum in Ostems
402
A and Ostems
403
Other stems
404
The Comparative Suffixes
406
The Superlative Suffixes
407
NUMERALS
408
57 One
409
Unus
410
Duo
411
Three
412
Four
413
Quattuor
414
Six f
415
Ten
416
SKC PAC1F
417
3 a Sing
423
O Latin so
432
Ipse
440
The stem qSu
446
The Pronouns jn Romance
452
SRC PAOK 3 II THK TENSESTEMS Strong Aorist and Sformations
459
Strong Aorist forms in Latin
464
Old Latin forms with ss S
465
A Present 1 With Egradc of root and Thematic Vowel
466
Other examples
467
3 With reduplicated root
468
3 With root nasalized i With nasal infix ii With nasal affix
469
n Other examples of nasal infix
471
Other examples of nasal affix
472
in the third Conjugation Presents with YOsuffix
475
Of weak grade roots
476
5 Inceptives in sfco sk
477
Latin Desideratives in turio
478
Other examples of Latin Inceptives
479
Of Latin Causatives c
481
Of Latin Desideratives
482
Of Latin Derivative verbs with YOsuffix
483
Of other Verbsuffixes
486
33 The Conjugations in Romance
488
B Imperfect
489
Fourth Conj Impft in ibam
491
Fourth Conj Fut in Ibo
493
Perfect
494
Other examples of Reduplicated forms
501
Form of Reduplication
503
Coexistent Reduplicated and Unreduplicated forms
504
Origin of the Perfect invi iui
505
Shortened forms of the Perfect in vi
508
Some Irregular Perfects
509
53 F PuturePerfect
510
Some 0 Latin Subj and Opt forms
516
Athematic Sg of fero v61o
527
7t 2 Passive Deponent i Sing
533
Perf Part
540
Irregular Verbs in Romance
547
CHAPTER IX
548
Nominative Adverbforms
553
Genitive Adverbforms
555
Ablative Instr and Locative Adverbforms
559
Adverbs in tus
561
Adverbial wordgroups and compounds
562
Other Adverbs
565
Numeral Adverbs in ies
567
n PREPOSITIONS
572
Ab ap po nbs a au af absque
575
Ab abs a
577
An
578
Apud
579
Clam clanculum
580
Com cum with and
581
Dis
582
Erga ergo
583
Extra
584
Infra
585
Palam
586
39 Po
588
Poste postid pos po
589
Pro por
590
Interjections
616

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 173 - Caesarem scriptis emendat, quod is 'calidum' dicere quam 'caldum' malit, non quia id non sit Latinum, sed quia sit odiosum* et, ut ipse Graeco verbo significavit, rtepiepyov.
Page 152 - Romans by birth; they were usually Greeks, and would have the same difficulties in describing the Latin Accent as a Frenchman in describing the strong stressaccent of English. These considerations may explain how it is that only a few statements of the writers on Latin Grammar are rid of the terms 'high...
Page 108 - Quin etiam, quod iam subrusticum videtur, olim autem politius, eorum verborum, quorum eaedem erant postremae duae litterae, quae sunt in op turn us, postremam litteram detrahebant, nisi vocalis insequebatur. Ita non erat ea offensio in versibus, quam nunc fugiunt poetae novi. Sie eniin loquebamur: Qui est omnibu' princeps non omnibus princeps, et: Vita illa dignu
Page 305 - Aureliam familiam ex Sabinis oriundam a Sole dictam putant, quod ei publice a populo Romano datus sit locus, in quo sacra faceret Soli ; qui ex hoc Auseli dicebantur, ut Valesii, Papisii pro eo quod est Valerii, Papirii.
Page 108 - ... 161 Quin etiam, quod iam subrusticum uidetur, olim autem politius, eorum uerborum, quorum eaedem erant postremae duae litterae quae sunt in«optimus», postremam litteram detrahebant, nisi uocalis insequebatur. Ita non erat ea offensio in uersibus, quam nunc fugiunt poetae noui. Sic enim loquebamur : « qui est omnibu' princeps » non « omnibus princeps, » et « uita illa dignu' locoque «non
Page 55 - Italiam fato profugus' seu longa corripitur, ut 'unius ob noxam et furias', extra carmen non deprendas, sed nee in carmine vitia ducenda sunt. 19 illa vero non nisi aure exiguntur, quae fiunt per sonos: quamquam per aspirationem, sive adicitur vitiose sive detrahitur, apud nos potest quaeri, an in scripto sit vitium, si h littera est, non nota. cuius quidem ratio mutata cum temporibus est saepius. 20 parcissime ea veteres usi etiam in vocalibus, cum 'aedos ircosque' dicebant. diu deinde reservatum,...
Page 162 - ... aut proxima extremae aut ab ea tertia. trium porro, de quibus loquor, media longa aut acuta aut flexa erit, eodem loco brevis utique gravem habebit sonum, ideoque positam ante se, id est ab ultima tertiam, acuet.

Bibliographic information