Power Sharing: Language, Rank, Gender and Social Space in Pohnpei, Micronesia
What allows certain individuals and groups to maintain control over the actions and lives of others? Linguistic anthropologist Elizabeth Keating went to the island of Pohnpei, in Micronesia, and studied how people use language and other semiotic codes to reproduce and manipulate status differences. The result is this inside view of how language works to create power and social inequality. This book challenges widely held theories on the nature of social stratification, including women's roles in creating hierarchy.
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1 The Ethnographic Setting
2 What Are Honorifics?
Hierarchy of Place and Access to Status
Grammatical Relations of Control and Permanence
Relationships between Gender and Honorifics
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action activities behavior chapter chief and chieftess chiefdom clan common speech constituted context cultural deixis discussed domains EXAL exaltive verb example excerpt expressed feast house gender Guugu Yimidhirr hierarchy high-status honor honorific forms honorific register honorific speech honorific verbs humiliative speech humiliative verb iang important interactional data kava ketin kiht kitail knowledge koanoat koaros kohdo kumwail language Likend linguistic linked locative low-status lower-status persons Madolenihmw manaman marking matrilineal menindei morpheme movie nahs Nanmwarki noun one’s oratory organization pahn paramount chief paramount chieftess participants pato patohwen plural Pohnpei Pohnpeian polysemous position possessive classifiers possessive constructions pounding practices prestige pronoun rahnwet rank refer Rehg relations relationships role sakau sapwellime secondary chief sharing shows social society sohte spatial speakers specific status status-marked strategies suffix symbolic talk tion transitive verb tungoal utterance video frame wahu woman women you(P you(S
Page 10 - Foucault, particularly his analysis of how, since the advent of subjectivity, knowledge has assumed a disciplinary power: "power would be a fragile thing if its only function were to repress, if it worked only through the mode of censorship, exclusion, blockage and repression, in the manner of a great Superego, exercising itself only in a negative way.
Page 10 - ... its only function were to repress, if it only worked through the mode of censorship, exclusion, blockage and repression . . .. If on the contrary, power is strong this is because, as we are beginning to realise, it produces effects at the level of desire — and also at the level of knowledge . . .. The fact that power is so deeply rooted and the difficulty of eluding its embrace are effects of all these connections.
Page i - Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul V. Kroskrity (eds.): Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory 17 Susan U. Philips: Ideology in the Language of Judges: How Judges Practice Law, Politics, and Courtroom Control 18 Spike Gildea: On Reconstructing Grammar: Comparative Cariban Morphosyntax 19 Laine A. Berman: Speaking through the Silence: Narratives, Social Conventions, and Power in Java 20 Cecil H. Brown: Lexical Acculturation in Native American Languages 21 James M.
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