Power Sharing: Language, Rank, Gender and Social Space in Pohnpei, Micronesia

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Oxford University Press, Dec 3, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 240 pages
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What allows certain individuals and groups to maintain control over the actions and lives of others? Linguistic anthropologist Elizabeth Keating went to the island of Pohnpei, in Micronesia, and studied how people use language and other semiotic codes to reproduce and manipulate status differences. The result is this inside view of how language works to create power and social inequality. This book challenges widely held theories on the nature of social stratification, including women's roles in creating hierarchy.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
1 The Ethnographic Setting
18
2 What Are Honorifics?
37
Hierarchy of Place and Access to Status
68
Grammatical Relations of Control and Permanence
99
Relationships between Gender and Honorifics
122
Constructing Asymmetrical Epistemologies
155
Honor in Oratory and Feasting Practices
178
Conclusion
195
Bibliography
199
Index
211
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Page 10 - Foucault, particularly his analysis of how, since the advent of subjectivity, knowledge has assumed a disciplinary power: "power would be a fragile thing if its only function were to repress, if it worked only through the mode of censorship, exclusion, blockage and repression, in the manner of a great Superego, exercising itself only in a negative way.
Page 8 - The system of dispositions - a past which survives in the present and tends to perpetuate itself into the future by making itself present in practices structured according to its principles...
Page 10 - ... its only function were to repress, if it only worked through the mode of censorship, exclusion, blockage and repression . . .. If on the contrary, power is strong this is because, as we are beginning to realise, it produces effects at the level of desire — and also at the level of knowledge . . .. The fact that power is so deeply rooted and the difficulty of eluding its embrace are effects of all these connections.
Page i - Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, and Paul V. Kroskrity (eds.): Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory 17 Susan U. Philips: Ideology in the Language of Judges: How Judges Practice Law, Politics, and Courtroom Control 18 Spike Gildea: On Reconstructing Grammar: Comparative Cariban Morphosyntax 19 Laine A. Berman: Speaking through the Silence: Narratives, Social Conventions, and Power in Java 20 Cecil H. Brown: Lexical Acculturation in Native American Languages 21 James M.
Page 11 - Power comes from below; that is, there is no binary and all-encompassing opposition between rulers and ruled at the root of power relations...

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