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able administration advantage age of discovery age of invention agriculture ancient world Antwerp arts attempt authority Black Death capital capitalists Cassiodorus centre Charles Christendom Christian cities civic colonies commercial Crown Cunningham Dutch duty East ecclesiastical economic policy effective eighteenth century England English Industry enterprise established Europe factories favourable fifteenth century forced fourteenth France French Fuggers gave Geschichte gilds Growth of English Holland important Industrial Revolution influence institutions intercourse interest introduced Italy Jacques Coeur kings labour lands Law Merchant maintain manufacture maritime mediaeval ment mercantile merchants Middle Ages Migne military modern monarchs money economy natural economy Norsemen numbers obtained opportunities Pigeonneau political population Portugal Portuguese possible practical profitable progress prosperity recognised regulation religious rendered revenue Roman Empire Rome royal rural secure seventeenth century social society Spain success supply taxation territory thirteenth century tillage towns trade wealth
Page 301 - Edited by GW PROTHERO, Litt.D., LL.D., Honorary Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, and formerly Professor of History in the University of Edinburgh. The Volumes already published are indicated by an asterisk, those not so marked are in hand, for which orders are registered, and others will be added from time to time.
Page 281 - Tuscany knows of in mosaic-work, or in variety of enamel ; whatever Arabia shows forth in work of fusion, ductility, or chasing ; whatever Italy ornaments with gold, in diversity of vases and sculpture of gems or ivory ; whatever France loves in a costly variety of windows ; whatever industrious Germany approves in work...
Page 276 - It appears, then, to be a condition of a genuinely scientific hypothesis, that it be not destined always to remain an hypothesis, but be of such a nature as to be either proved or disproved by that comparison with observed facts which is termed Verification.
Page 302 - Outlines of English Industrial History. By W. CUNNINGHAM, DD, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and ELLEN A.
Page 301 - History of Scotland. By P. HUME BROWN, MA, LL.D., Fraser Professor of Ancient (Scottish) History and Palaeography in the University of Edinburgh. In 3 vols. Vol. I. To the Accession of Mary Stewart. With 7 Maps. Second Impression.
Page 2 - In looking back from the present time, when political and religious differences have done so much to accentuate the divisions of Christendom, we are apt to forget its solidarity in bygone days. In the thirteenth century the ecclesiastical organisation gave a unity to the social structure throughout the whole of Western Europe ; over the area in which the Pope was recognised as the spiritual and the Emperor as the temporal Vicar of God, political and racial differences were relatively less important....
Page 79 - ... thing more and some less, some of whom want to use it in one way and some in another. Value is not objective, — intrinsic in the object, — but subjective, varying with the...
Page 40 - We can also trace the beginnings of a regular system of transport. The great abbeys on the Loire and the Seine had large numbers of vessels for carrying on their trade ; and the peasants on their estates were required either to provide oxen and carriages for land transport or to pay a commutation which enabled the monks to organise an independent service1.
Page 301 - Times" correspondent in Rome. With 4 Maps. New Edition, revised, with an Epilogue by GM Trevelyan. 4/6 net.
Page 9 - The acceptance of this higher view of the dignity of human life as immortal was followed by a fuller recognition of personal responsibility Ancient philosophy had seen that man is the master of material things; but Christianity introduced a new sense of duty in regard to the manner of using them . . . Christian teachers were forced to protest against any employment of wealth that disregarded the glory of God and the good of man.'2 It was the opinion of Knies that the peculiarly Christian virtues...