Visions of Community in the Post-Roman World: The West, Byzantium and the Islamic World, 300–1100

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Walter Pohl, Clemens Gantner, Richard Payne
Routledge, Mar 3, 2016 - History - 588 pages
This volume looks at 'visions of community' in a comparative perspective, from Late Antiquity to the dawning of the age of crusades. It addresses the question of why and how distinctive new political cultures developed after the disintegration of the Roman World, and to what degree their differences had already emerged in the first post-Roman centuries. The Latin West, Orthodox Byzantium and its Slavic periphery, and the Islamic world each retained different parts of the Graeco-Roman heritage, while introducing new elements. For instance, ethnicity became a legitimizing element of rulership in the West, remained a structural element of the imperial periphery in Byzantium, and contributed to the inner dynamic of Islamic states without becoming a resource of political integration. Similarly, the political role of religion also differed between the emerging post-Roman worlds. It is surprising that little systematic research has been done in these fields so far. The 32 contributions to the volume explore this new line of research and look at different aspects of the process, with leading western Medievalists, Byzantinists and Islamicists covering a wide range of pertinent topics. At a closer look, some of the apparent differences between the West and the Islamic world seem less distinctive, and the inner variety of all post-Roman societies becomes more marked. At the same time, new variations in the discourse of community and the practice of power emerge. Anybody interested in the development of the post-Roman Mediterranean, but also in the relationship between the Islamic World and the West, will gain new insights from these studies on the political role of ethnicity and religion in the post-Roman Mediterranean.
 

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Contents

Figures
Remarks
Remarks
The Nabataeans Problems of Defining Ethnicity in
Political Identity versus Religious Distinction? The Case
How Many Peoples Are in a People?
Inventing Wales
Religious Communities in the Early Islamic World
Uses of the Ancient Past in Late
Issues of Nationality
Evagrius and
A View from Early Ethiopia
Anastasios und die Geschichte der Isaurier
Zur Stellung von ethnischen und religiösen Minderheiten
Byzantium
Oaths of Allegiance in PostRoman

The Case of North Africa
Ethnicity Ethnogenesis and the Identity of Syriac
Zur symbolischen

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About the author (2016)

Prof. Walter Pohl, University of Vienna, Austria; Mag. Clemens Gantner, Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Austria; Dr Richard Payne, Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts, USA.

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