The Spanish Civil War: Revolution and Counterrevolution

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Univ of North Carolina Press, 1991 - History - 1074 pages
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This monumental book offers a comprehensive history and analysis of Republican political life during the Spanish Civil War. Completed by Burnett Bolloten just before his death in 1987, The Spanish Civil War is the culmination of fifty years of dedi
 

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Contents

The Brewing Upheaval
3
Divisions and Deadlock on the Left
21
Military Rebellion and Civil War
34
The Revolution and the Rise of the Third Republic
46
The Revolution Hits the Small Bourgeoisie
57
The Revolution in the Countryside Libertarian Communism in Theory and Practice
62
The Rise of the Communists
79
Hope for the Middle Classes
81
The PCE Cultivates the Moderate Socialists
381
Catalonia The Military Insurrection and Social Revolution
386
The Rise of the PSUC Dissolution of the Militia Committee
396
The POUM and the Trotskyists
405
Moving toward Open Warfare in Catalonia
414
The May Events Part 1
429
The May Events Part 2
447
The Overthrow of Largo Caballero
462

The Popular Front
88
Foreign Intervention
97
Camouflaging the Revolution
110
Largo Caballero Forms a New Government
114
The Communists Strive for Hegemony
124
Dr Juan Negrín and Julio Alvarez del Vayo
138
Spanish Gold Shipped to Moscow
145
Soviet Influence Political Dissimulation and the Plight of President Azaña
159
Spain in the Web of the EastWest Diplomatic Conflict
168
Wooing Britain and France
180
Curbing the Revolution
189
Anarchist Philosophy and Government
191
The Anarchosyndicalists Enter the Government
196
Against the Revolutionary Committees
212
The Security Forces
216
Nationalization versus Socialization
222
A Democratic and Parliamentary Republic of a New Type
228
Balancing the Class Forces
236
From the Revolutionary Militia to a Regular Army
247
The Revolutionary Militia
249
Discipline and the Anarchosyndicalist Militia
261
The Fifth Regiment
266
The Popular Army
272
General José Asensio Largo Caballero Defies the Communists The Government Leaves Madrid
280
The Defense of Madrid the Junta de Defensa and the International Brigades Miaja Rojo and Kléber
286
Soviet Officers Journalists and Diplomats
306
The Libertarian Movement and the Regular Army
322
The Iron Column
333
Largo Caballero Breaks with Moscow
343
Pressure on Largo Caballero Mounts
355
Largo Caballero Hits Back
368
The Communist Triumph
379
The Rise of Juan Negrín
474
The Reflux of the Revolution
481
The Negrin Government and the Reaction of the Libertarian Movement
483
The PSUC Supersedes the CNT and FAI as the Dominant Force in Catalonia
490
Communist Repression of the Anarchists and the POUM
498
Highlights of the POUM Trial
516
The Destruction of the Agricultural Collectives and the Council of Aragon
522
The Eclipse of Largo Caballero and Indalecio Prieto
533
Indalecio Prieto Challenges the PCE
535
The PCE Courts the CNT
550
The Political Demise of Largo Caballero The UGT and CNT Sign a Pact of Unity
555
The Removal of Indalecio Prieto from the Defense Ministry
570
Communist Influence Crests
583
The Second Negrín Government Communist Predominance in the Army
585
Communist Ascendancy in the Security Services
600
Catalonia and the August Crisis
611
Doubts Divisions and Disasters Proliferate Communist Influence Wanes
621
Internecine Conflicts Grow
623
Why Are the People Fighting?
635
Negríns Thirteen War Aims
642
Hopes of AngloFrench Intervention Fade
650
The Fall of Catalonia
663
The End of the Resistance Policy
683
Negrín Returns to the CentralSouthern Zone
685
Segismundo Casado Cipriano Mera and the Libertarians
702
In Search of Scapegoats
711
The Flight of Negrín and the End of the Third Republic
726
Notes
745
Bibliography
937
Acknowledgments
1019
Index
1027
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Page 1 - Although the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July, 1936, was followed by a far-reaching social revolution in the anti-Franco camp — more profound in some respects than the Bolshevik Revolution in its early stages...

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About the author (1991)

Burnett Bolloten (1909-1987) was a United Press correspondent in Spain during the war, and it was then that he began his lifelong practice of collecting original documents relating to the conflict. By invitation, he was a lecturer and director of research on the Spanish Civil War and revolution, for three years, at the Institute for Hispanic and Lusa-Brazilian Studies at Stanford University.

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