Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions: Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science
Few philosophers of science have influenced as many readers as Thomas S. Kuhn. Yet no comprehensive study of his ideas has existed—until now. In this volume, Paul Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's work over four decades, from the days before The Structure of Scientific Revolutions to the present, and puts Kuhn's philosophical development in a historical framework.
Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however imperfectly. Hoyningen-Huene does not merely offer another interpretation—he brings Kuhn's work into focus with rigorous philosophical analysis. Through extended discussions with Kuhn and an encyclopedic reading of his work, Hoyningen-Huene looks at the problems and justifications of his claims and determines how his theories might be expanded. Most significantly, he discovers that The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be understood only with reference to the historiographic foundation of Kuhn's philosophy.
Discussing the concepts of paradigms, paradigm shifts, normal science, and scientific revolutions, Hoyningen-Huene traces their evolution to Kuhn's experience as a historian of contemporary science. From here, Hoyningen-Huene examines Kuhn's well-known thesis that scientists on opposite sides of a revolutionary divide "work in different worlds," explaining Kuhn's notion of a world-change during a scientific revolution. He even considers Kuhn's most controversial claims—his attack on the distinction between the contexts of discovery and justification and his notion of incommensurability—addressing both criticisms and defenses of these ideas.
Destined to become the authoritative philosophical study of Kuhn's work, Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions both enriches our understanding of Kuhn and provides powerful interpretive tools for bridging Continental and Anglo-American philosophical traditions.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Chapter One The Topic of Kuhns Philosophy of Science
Summary of Part I
Chapter Three The Constitution of a Phenomenal World
The Relationship between Earlier and Later Conceptions
g Consequences for the Theory of Meaning as Applied
Chapter Four The Paradigm Concept
Exemplary Problem Solutions
accepted according actually addition analysis anomalies appears apply asserts attempt become begin called chap characteristics choice claims Compare concrete consensus consider consists constitution contained context course critical definition described determine discovery discussion distinction domain elements empirical concepts employed entirely especially evaluation example existence experience explicit fact field function fundamental further given historical historiography identified immediate important incommensurability individual interpretation issue kind knowledge Kuhn Kuhn's theory language laws learning least linguistic means moments nature normal science notion object-sided objects observation occur paradigm particular perception phase phenomenal world philosophy position possible practice precisely present problem problem solutions progress purely question reasons reference regard regulations relevant role rules scientific community scientific development scientific revolutions scientists sense similarity relations similarly situations social solutions stimuli structure taken tions tradition understanding universal values