Racially Mixed People in America

Front Cover
Maria P. P. Root
SAGE, Feb 3, 1992 - Social Science - 387 pages

Although America has been experiencing a biracial baby boom for the last 25 years, there has been a dearth of information about how racially mixed people identify and view themselves as well as relate to one another. Racially Mixed People in America bridges this gap and offers a comprehensive look at all the issues involved in doing research with mixed race people, all in the context of America's multiracial past and present.


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Chapter 1 Within Between and Beyond Race
Chapter 2 The Illogic of American Racial Categories
Chapter 3 The Human Ecology of Multiracial Identity
Toward an Ecological Theoretical Formulation of Race Identity in BlackWhite Biracial Children
Ethnic Identity and Trait Characteristics
Foreign Spouses of US Citizens 19451985
On Racial Ambiguity
Part II Recovering the Multiracial Past
Issues for BlackWhite Biracial Adolescents
Chapter 17 Offspring of CrossRace and CrossEthnic Marriages in Hawaii
Ethnic Identity Choices for Biracial Individuals
The Best of Both Worlds or the End of the Japanese American Community?
Identity of Binational Amerasians
Chapter 21 The Developmental Process of Asserting a Biracial Bicultural Identity
Part IV Challenging the Census
Chapter 22 Is Multiracial Status Unique? The Personal and Social Experience

Subverting the Racial Divide
Native American Mixed Bloods
A Comparative Look at Multiethnicity
The Vietnamese Amerasian Experience
The Creation and Denial of MixedRace People in America
Part III What of the Children?
Methodological Issues in Research on Multiracial People
Chapter 14 Identity Development in Biracial Children
Social Adjustment of Biracial Youth
Chapter 23 Coloring Outside the Lines
Chapter 24 Multicultural Identity and the Death of Stereotypes
The New Multiracial Consciousness
Chapter 26 From Shortcuts to Solutions
About the Authors

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About the author (1992)

Maria P. P. Root, Ph.D., born in Manila, Philippines, grew up in Los Angeles, California. She graduated from the University of California at Riverside in 1977 with degrees in Psychology and Sociology. She subsequently attended Claremont University in Claremont, California receiving her Master’s degree in Cognitive Psychology in 1979. She completed her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the University of Washington in Seattle in 1983 with an emphasis in minority mental health. Dr. Root resides in Seattle, Washington where she is an independent scholar and clinical psychologist. She has been in practice for over 20 years. Her general practice focuses on adult and adolescent treatment therapy, which includes working with families and couples. Dr. Root’s working areas of knowledge are broad with emphasis on culturally competent practice, life transition issues, trauma, ethnic and racial identity, workplace stress and harassment, and disordered eating. In the early 1980s, she established a group treatment program for bulimia that grew out of her dissertation work. Subsequently, she trained other professionals to recognize and treat people with a range of disordered eating symptoms. She continues to treat people with eating disorders. Dr. Root’s practice also includes formal psychological evaluation. She works as a consultant to several law enforcement departments. She also works as an expert witness in forensic settings performing evaluations and offering expert testimony in matters that require cultural competence and/or knowledge of racism or ethnocentrism. Dr. Root is a trainer, educator, and public speaker on the topics of multiracial families, multiracial identity, cultural competence, trauma, work place harassment, and disordered eating. She has provided lectures and training in New Zealand, England, the Netherlands, Canada, and the United States for major universities, professional organizations, grassroots community groups, and student organizations. Dr. Root’s publications cover the areas of trauma, cultural assessment, multiracial identity, feminist therapy, and eating disorders. One of the leading authorities in the field of racial and ethnic identity, Dr. Root published the first contemporary volume on mixed race people, Racially Mixed People in America (1992). Including this book, she has edited two award-winning books on multiracial people and produced the foundational Bill of Rights for Racially Mixed People. The U.S. Census referred to these texts in their deliberations that resulted in an historic ‘check more than one’ format to the race question for the 2000 census. Dr. Root is past-President of the Washington State Psychological Association and the recipient of national and international awards from professional and community organizations.

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