War and Public Health

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 1997 - Medical - 412 pages
The first comprehensive examination of the relationship between war and public health, this book documents the public health consequences of war and describes what health professionals can do to minimize these consequences and even help prevent war altogether. It explores the effects of war on health, human rights, and the environment. The health and environmental impact of both conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction--nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons--is described in chapters that cover the consequences of their production, testing, maintenance, use, and disposal. The negative impact of the proliferation of weapons and of the international arms trade, including the diversion of resources that could otherwise be allocated for health and human welfare, is also discussed. Separate chapters cover especially vulnerable populations, such as women, children, and refugees. In-depth descriptions of specific military conflicts, including the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf War, and wars in Central America provide striking illustrations of the issues covered in other chapters. A series of chapters explores the roles of health professionals and of organizations during war, and in preventing war and its consequences.
A wide range of individuals, including physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, will find this book enlightening and useful in their work. The book will be valuable for faculty and students in schools of public health, medicine, nursing, and other health professions. In addition, it will be useful to those working in the fields of law, economics, international studies, peace and conflict resolution, military studies, diplomacy, and sociology, and in related disciplines.
 

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Contents

A Global Perspective
3
Children Wars and the Responsibility of the International Community
12
The Human Consequences of War
27
The Impact of War on Human Rights
39
The Environmental Consequences of War
51
Effects of Weapons Systems on Public Health
63
The Public Health Effects of the Use of Chemical Weapons
84
The Public Health Effects of Biological Weapons
98
Public Health and War in Central America
238
Public Health and the Persian Gulf War
254
The Roles of Public Health Professionals
279
The Roles of Nongovernmental Organizations in Responding to Health Needs
293
Our Only Hope of Intervention in Civil War
308
Can War and Its Public Health Consequences Be Prevented?
323
Preventing Nuclear War
336
Public Health Nurses and the Peace
350

Effects of War and Other Military Activities on Populations
147
The Psychological Effects of War on Children
168
The Impact of War on Women
186
Displaced Persons and War
197
The Impacts of Specific Military Conflicts on Public Health
213
The Role of the United Nations
360
Conflict Resolution and Mediation for Health Professionals
375
Roles
388
ORGANIZATIONS AND RESOURCES
395
Copyright

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Page 333 - Human history becomes more and more a race between Education and Catastrophe' (HG Wells, The Outline of History (1920)).

About the author (1997)


Barry S. Levy, M.D., M.P.H., is President-Elect of the American Public Health Association and Adjunct Professor Professor of Community Health at Tufts University School of Medicine. He is also the president of Barry S. Levy Associates, a consulting firm in environmental and occupational health, based in Sherborn, Massachusetts. He has edited 14 books and monographs, and over 100 other publications.
Victor W. Sidel, M.D., is Distinguished University Professor of Social Medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center. He is a former president of the American Public Health Association, and a founder and past president of Physicians for Social Responsibility. He is currently Co-President of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, the recipient of the 1985 Nobel Prize for Peace.

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