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absolute veto Adams's already amendments American appointed aristocracy authority balance bills body called convention corruption council defend democratic departments desired despotism distinction division doctrine early period elections Elliot's Debates England English Constitution English government equal executive chief executive power Federal Constitution Federalist governor Hamilton Harrington hereditary House of Commons House of Lords house of representatives impeachment independent Jefferson John Adams judicial judiciary king later lative laws legislative power legislature liberty lower house Madison magistrate Massachusetts Massachusetts constitution ment mixed government mixture monarchy nation nature negative never nobility nobles Oceana pardoning Parliament parties persons plutocracy Political popular President principle reason representation republic republican rich Samuel Adams says scheme second chamber Senate simple democracy simple governments single assembly society sovereign sovereignty suffrage supreme term theory third three branches tion tive Tories Turgot unicameral viii Whigs whole wished wrote
Page 315 - ... a government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure, for a limited period, or during good behavior.
Page 214 - All power residing originally in the people, and being derived from them, the several magistrates and officers of government, vested with authority, whether legislative, executive, or judicial, are their substitutes and agents, and are at all times accountable to them.
Page 58 - The advised head defends itself at home : For government, though high and low and lower, Put into parts, doth keep in one consent, Congreeing in a full and natural close, Like music.
Page 284 - It was not then, nor has been since, any objection to it, in my mind, that the executive and senate were not more permanent. Nor have I ever entertained a thought of promoting any alteration in it, but such as the people themselves, in the course of their experience, should see and feel to be necessary or expedient, and by their representatives in Congress and the state legislatures, according to the constitution itself, adopt and ordain.
Page 199 - In these, and the like cases, when the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves by erecting a new legislative differing from the other by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good.
Page 266 - But, as the British Constitution is the most subtle organism which has proceeded from the womb and the long gestation of progressive history, so the American Constitution is, so far as I can see, the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man.
Page 28 - I choose to solve the controversy with this small distinction, and it belongs to all three: any government is free to the people under it (whatever be the frame) where the laws rule and the people are a party to those laws, and more than this is tyranny, oligarchy, or confusion.
Page 325 - It is of great Importance in a republic not only to guard the society against the oppression of its rulers, but to guard one part of the society against the injustice of the other part.
Page 107 - For it is held by all the writers on the law of nature and nations, that the right of making war, which by nature subsisted in every individual, is given up by all private persons that enter into society, and is vested in the sovereign power: and this right is given up, not only by individuals, but even by the entire body of people, that are under the dominion of a sovereign.
Page 198 - Or else when by the Miscarriages of those in Authority, it is forfeited; upon the Forfeiture of their Rulers, or at the Determination of the Time set, it reverts to the Society, and the People have a Right to act as Supreme, and continue the Legislative in themselves, or erect a new Form, or under the old form place it in new hands, as they think good.