How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

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University of Chicago Press, Nov 22, 2013 - History - 272 pages
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In the United States at the height of the Cold War, roughly between the end of World War II and the early 1980s, a new project of redefining rationality commanded the attention of sharp minds, powerful politicians, wealthy foundations, and top military brass. Its home was the human sciences—psychology, sociology, political science, and economics, among others—and its participants enlisted in an intellectual campaign to figure out what rationality should mean and how it could be deployed. How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind brings to life the people—Herbert Simon, Oskar Morgenstern, Herman Kahn, Anatol Rapoport, Thomas Schelling, and many others—and places, including the RAND Corporation, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Cowles Commission for Research and Economics, and the Council on Foreign Relations, that played a key role in putting forth a “Cold War rationality.” Decision makers harnessed this picture of rationality—optimizing, formal, algorithmic, and mechanical—in their quest to understand phenomena as diverse as economic transactions, biological evolution, political elections, international relations, and military strategy. The authors chronicle and illuminate what it meant to be rational in the age of nuclear brinkmanship.
 

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Contents

Introduction The Struggle over Cold War Rationality
1
One Enlightenment Reason Cold War Rationality and the Rule of Rules
27
Two The Bounded Rationality of Cold War Operations Research
51
Three Saving the Planet from Nuclear Weapons and the Human Mind
81
Four The Situation in the Cold War Behavioral Sciences
107
Five World in a Matrix
133
Six The Collapse of Cold War Rationality
159
Epilogue Cold War Rationality after the Cold War
183
Notes
189
Bibliography
227
Index
251
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About the author (2013)

Paul Erickson is assistant professor of history and science in society at Wesleyan University and lives in Middletown, CT. Judy L. Klein is professor of economics at Mary Baldwin College and lives in Staunton, VA. Lorraine Daston is director of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science and visiting professor in the Committee on Social Thought at the University of Chicago. She lives in Berlin, Germany. Rebecca Lemov is associate professor of the history of science at Harvard University and lives in Cambridge, MA. Thomas Sturm is a Ramón y Cajal Research Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and lives in Cerdanyola del Vallčs, Spain. Michael D. Gordin is professor of the history of science at Princeton University and lives in Princeton, NJ.

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