The History of al-Tabari Vol. 36: The Revolt of the Zanj A.D. 869-879/A.H. 255-265
The present volume of al-Tabari's monumental history covers the years 255-265/869-878, the first half of the reign of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu'tamid in Samarra. Although the decade was one of relative calm in the capital, compared with the anarchy of the years immediately preceding, danger signals were flashing in territories adjacent to the imperial heartlands. Chief among them was the revolt of the Zanj, the narrative of which occupies the bulk of the present volume.
A people of semi-servile status, the Zanj, who were based in the marshlands of southern Iraq, were led by a somewhat shadowy and mysterious figure claiming Shi'ite descent, 'Ali b. Muhammad. Their prolonged revolt against the central authorities was not crushed until 269/882.
Al-Tabari's account of these momentous events is unique in both the quality and the quantity of his information. He himself was present in Baghdad during the years of the revolt, and he was thus able to construct his story from reports by numerous eyewitnesses. The result is a detailed narrative that brings alive for the modern reader the main personalities and engagements of the revolt.
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Aban abominable Abu Ahmad Abu al-Qasim Abu Nasr al-Ahwaz al-Bahrani al-Basrah al-cAbbas al-Hasan al-Husayn al-Jubba'i al-Karkh al-Kufah al-Layth al-Muctamid al-Muctazz al-Muhtadi al-Mutawakkil al-Muwaffaq al-Rayy al-Wathiq Arab army arrived attacked Baghdad Banu Banu Tamim barges Basrans battle Bayakbak boats brother Bugha cAbd al-Rahman cAbdallah cAli cAli's Caliph called camp canal captured central authorities clsa commanders cUbaydallah despatched Dhu al-Hijjah dinars district enemy Faithful fled forces governor hammad head Ibn al-Athir Ibn Aws Ibrahim Ishaq Jacfar Jamic Jawsaq palace Juclan Kamil Kdmil Kharijite Khurasan killed Lands large number Lexicon Makhlad Mansur Masrur al-Balkhi mawlds Mucjam Muflih Muhammad Musa Musa's Musawir Nahr ordered plundered Popovic prayer prison Rajab June Rayhan reached reported reportedly returned Revolte Rumays Sacid Salih Salm Samarra seized sent slaves soldiers Sourdel Strange Sulayman sword Tabari Tabaristan Tahir Takin Tigris troops Turks village Vizirat Wasif Wasil Wasit Yacqub Yahya Yaqut Zanj leader Zayd