The Conditions of Agricultural Growth: The Economics of Agrarian Change Under Population Pressure

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Psychology Press, 2003 - Business & Economics - 124 pages
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Investigating the process of agrarian change, this book analyzes costs and productivity under the main systems of primitive agriculture. The conclusion is that technical, economic and social changes are unlikely to take place within primitive agriculture unless the rural community concerned is exposed to the pressure of population growth: a conclusion that is in sharp contrast to generally accepted ideas.
The themes in the book are central to the discussion of the problems of population explosion and the world's undernourished peoples.
 

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Contents

THE DYNAMICS OF LAND UTILIZATION
15
THE HISTORICAL SEQUENCE
16
LAND USE IN THE TROPICS
18
THE CHANGING LANDSCAPE
19
THE INTERDEPENDENCE OF LAND USE AND TECHNICAL CHANGE
23
FALLOW SYSTEMS AND TYPES OF TECHNIQUES
24
KIND OF TOOL VS MAKE OF TOOL
26
LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY UNDER LONGFALLOW AND SHORTFALLOW SYSTEMS
28
DIMINISHING RETURNS TO LABOUR AND TECHNICAL INERTIA
65
THE VICIOUS CIRCLE OF SPARSE POPULATION AND PRIMITIVE TECHNIQUES
70
PRECONDITIONS FOR THE CONCENTRATION OF POPULATION
72
DIVERGENT PATTERNS OF AGRICULTURE
75
SYSTEMS OF LAND USE AS A DETERMINANT OF LAND TENURE
77
GENERAL AND SPECIFIC RIGHTS OF CULTIVATION
79
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF LANDLORD TENURE
81
GRAZING RIGHTS AND SHORTENING OF FALLOW PERIODS
85

FROM FOREST FALLOW TO BUSH FALLOW
29
THE ADVENT OF PLOUGH CULTIVATION
32
CARRYING CAPACITY OF LAND AND PRODUCTIVITY OF LABOUR UNDER INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE
35
FROM NATURAL GRAZING TO PRODUCED FODDER
36
FROM DRY TO IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE
39
POPULATION GROWTH AND LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY
41
POPULATION GROWTH AND WORKING HOURS
43
SHORT HOURS UNDER THE LONGFALLOW SYSTEM
44
THE DEAD SEASONS UNDER THE SHORTFALLOW SYSTEM
48
THE HARD TOIL OF INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE
51
THE GRADUAL CHANGE OF WORKING HABITS
53
THE COEXISTENCE OF CULTIVATION SYSTEMS
56
ADAPTATION OF LAND USE TO NATURAL CONDITIONS
57
THE CASES OF JAVA AND JAPAN
59
REDUCTIONS OF POPULATION DENSITY
62
EFFECTS OF RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
63
FROM LANDLORD TENURE TO PRIVATE PROPERTY IN LAND
86
INVESTMENT AND TENURE IN TRIBAL COMMUNITIES
88
ORGANIZATION OF INVESTMENT UNDER TRIBAL TENURE
89
CONTEST OVER PROPERTY RIGHTS
91
RURAL INVESTMENT UNDER LANDLORD TENURE
95
INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE WITH FEUDAL LANDLORDS
96
THE NEGLECT OF INVESTMENT UNDER COLONIAL RULE
98
THE RESPONSE TO PRICE INCENTIVES
100
INCENTIVES TO INVESTMENT UNDER MODERN TENURE
102
INVESTMENT UNDER FAMILY FARMING
104
REAL WAGES AND EMPLOYMENT
106
FOOD PRICES AND TAXATION OF AGRICULTURE
110
THE USE OF INDUSTRIAL INPUT IN PRIMITIVE AGRICULTURE
112
SOME PERSPECTIVES AND IMPLICATIONS
116
INDEX
122
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