The Puzzle of Strikes: Class and State Strategies in Postwar Italy
This book presents, through an extensive and novel inductive approach, an analysis of the temporal dynamics of postwar Italian strikes in the industrial sector. The author begins by highlighting a set of characteristics in the strike data that call for explanation: the pieces of the puzzle. Then, chapter by chapter, the author uses a broad range of available strike theories - business cycle, economic, hardship, resource mobilization, bargaining structure, political exchange, and Marxist - as clues to assemble the puzzle. The study has the organizational structure of a mystery story, with its sequence of false steps, pat solutions, and unexpected twists and turns. This is characterized in the final chapter of the book, when the causal argument is completely reversed. The book is also novel in its combined use of statistical, historical, ethnographic, and survey material, as well as its view of strikes as the strategic interaction between organized interests. It focuses as much on employers' and state actions as on workers' actions. The book's aim is not merely descriptive, nor does it seek simply to test the explanatory power of existing strike theories. Rather, its goal is more ambitious: to disentangle the causal structure in the historical interaction among the social processes in the economic, institutional, and political arenas.
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1 The puzzle box
2 Labormarket conditions and bargaining power
3 When do workers strike? How the economy matters
4 Organizational resources and collective action
5 The structure of collective bargaining
6 Class power politics and conflict
the 1969 autunno caldo
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1969 autunno caldo agreements analyses Ashenfelter and Johnson Bagnasco blue-collar blue-collar workers business cycle capacity utilization capitalist CGIL Chapter CISL coefﬁcients collective action collective bargaining collective contracts commissioni interne Communist compromesso storico Conﬁndustria conﬁrm contract renewals dummy econometric economic empirical employers factories Fiat ﬁgures ﬁndings ﬁnns firms ﬁrst ﬂuctuations Fordism Giovanni Agnelli govemment historical hours lost increased industrial conﬂict involved ISTAT Italian strikes Italy Johnson model labor market labor relations large ﬁrms larger ﬁrms layoffs Lotta Continua Martinelli Marxist metalworking militancy mobilization number of hours number of strikes organizational particularly party pattem percentage plant plant-level bargaining Plot political proﬁts reﬂect Regini relationship between strike Reyneri sector Shorter and Tilly signiﬁcant skill small ﬁrms smaller ﬁrms social speciﬁc statistical strike activity strike frequency strike waves structure struggle survey Table theories trade unions Trigilia unemployment rate union membership variables wages working-class