Texts and Contexts of the Oldest Runic Inscriptions

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BRILL, Jan 1, 2003 - Social Science - 383 pages
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This volume gathers all older fuşark inscriptions found in Denmark, Germany, England, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Hungary, Bosnia, Rumania, Norway and Sweden. It contains essays on early runic writing, the historical and archaeological contexts of runic objects, and a new theory on the origin of runic writing. The book contains also a catalogue of the runic inscriptions found in the regions mentioned above. The catalogue gives datings, readings and interpretations, plus limited graphic, orthographic and linguistic analyses of the inscriptions from the above mentioned corpora, complete with concise bibliographical references. The overall aim has been to provide the reader with a practical survey of the oldest inscripti-ons from the aforementioned areas, together with relevant archaeological and cultural-historical data. The book is particularly useful for runologists, students and others interested in runes, such as archaeologists, historians, linguists and amateurs. It is actually a handbook covering all older runic inscriptions and their context.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER Two History ARCHAEologY AND RUNES
27
CHAPTER THREE ON THE ORIGIN OF RUNES 1 Introduction
78
The quest
79
Runes and Romans on the Rhine
82
More Roman connections
88
The first runewriters
93
The West Germanic hypothesis
94
Conclusions
99
ornamental runes runecrosses multipleline runes and mirrorrunes
131
The influence of Latin
133
Syntaxis and division marks
134
On the significance of runeforms
135
The yew rune
138
The fate of the j rune Gmc jam OE ger jar
142
CATALOGUE
147
CHAPTER FIVE EARLY DANISH AND SOUTHEAST EUROPEAN RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS 1 Introduction
149

Some thoughts on the development of the runic writing system
101
CHAPTER FOUR SUMMARY AND SOME CONCLUSIONS 1 Classification of contents
105
Runic writing and runewriters
106
Some backgrounds of early runic writing
107
Runes and rituals
113
Comparing the corpora
115
The Frisian corpus
118
Frisian and AngloSaxon runic peculiarities
121
Runes in Denmark and Southeast Europe
126
Continental runewriting
127
Runes on bracteates
129
Checklist Period I legible and partly interpretable inscriptions
153
CHAPTER Six BRACTEATEs witH RUNES
190
Checklist runic bracteates
201
Conclusions
222
CHAPTER NINE RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS IN or FROM
299
APPENDIX Swedish AND NorwegiaN INSCRIPTIONS
329
Norway
338
Bibliography
361
CHAPTER EIGHT EARLY RUNIC INSCRIPTIONS IN ENGLAND
373
INDEX
379
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About the author (2003)

Tineke J.H. Looijenga, Ph.D. (1997) in Historical Linguistics, is Senior Consultant at the University of Groningen. She has published extensively on runes and runic inscriptions.

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