Homer and the sacred city
The importance of the polis in Homeric literature is most evident in the Iliad, a poem concerned in large measure with the holy city of Troy. Stephen Scully here deepens our understanding of both the poetic and the social significance of the city in Homer through a close analysis of the poem's formulaic language. Drawing on scholarship in literary studies, archaeology, and comparative religion, Scully demonstrates that it is the urban setting of the Iliad, as well as the collision of the individual fates of its characters, which generates its most profound tragic themes.
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The Sacred Polis
The Walled Polis
The People of the Polis
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Achaeans Achilles acropolis Aegean Agamemnon agora aipus Ancient Andromache Apollo astu Athena Babylon basileus Book built Burkert called sacred catalogues Chapter circuit wall citadel city wall city-state city's context cult Culture Dark Age defense deity describes divine eighth century epic epithets Epithets in Homer Eridu Esagila Esharra euktimenon euteikheos example father fight formulaic gates goddess gods Greece Greek Hattusas Hekabe Hektor Helen hero heroic Hesiod hieros Hittite holy Homeric polis human humankind Hymn Iliad Ionian Ithaca king Kyklopes magical mortal Mycenae Mycenaean narrative nature Odyssey oikoi oikos Old Smyrna Olympian palace Patroklos phrase poem poleis polin polis polis in Homer political Poseidon Priam Priamoio ptoliethron Pylos reference Religion sacred city sacred Ilios sanctity sanctuary says Scheria settlements Skamandros Smyrna Snodgrass social steep suggests Sumerian Thebes tion tower tradition Troad Trojans Troy Troy's tutelary urban verb walled cities well-founded well-walled women Zeus