Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780-1850
"Family Fortunes is a major groundbreaking study that will become a classic in its field. I was fascinated by the information it provided and the argument it established about the role of gender in the construction of middle-class values, family life, and property relations.
"The book explores how the middle class constructed its own institutions, material culture and values during the industrial revolution, looking at two settings—urban manufacturing Birmingham and rural Essex—both centers of active capitalist development. The use of sources is dazzling: family business records, architectural designs, diaries, wills and trusts, newspapers, prescriptive literature, sermons, manuscript census tracts, the papers of philanthropic societies, popular fiction, and poetry.
"Family Fortunes occupies a place beside Mary Ryan's The Cradle of the Middle Class and Suzanne Lebsock's Free Women of Petersburg. It provides scholars with a definitive study of the middle class in England, and facilitates a comparative perspective on the history of middle-class women, property, and the family."—Judith Walkowitz, Johns Hopkins University
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Setting the scene
Doctrines on manliness Doctrines on femininity The ministry
Laymen and women
domestic ideology and
The Queen Caroline affair Middleclass readers and writers
the creation of the middleclass home
men women and the public sphere
men and the enterprise
women and the enterprise
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activities Anglican Ann Taylor areas associated bankers became Birmingham brother Bury St Edmunds census census sample cent centre chapel Chartist Chelmsford church clergy clubs Colchester Colchester Hospital congregation Cowper culture daughter depended Dissenting domestic duties early nineteenth century economic Edgbaston eighteenth century Essex Essex and Suffolk established Evangelical farm farmers father female feminine friends garden gender genteel gentry girls household heads husband income independent Ipswich Jane John Angell James labour ladies living London Luckcock Lunar Society male manufacturers marriage married Marsh masculine meeting merchants mid century middle middle-class minister moral mother nonconformist occupations organization particularly philanthropic political practice professional Quaker radical religious rural Samuel Courtauld serious Christians servants sexual sisters social society sphere status Sunday school Taylor town trade Unitarian village widows wife William Cowper Witham wives woman women wrote young