A Grammar of Kwaza

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Walter de Gruyter, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 1026 pages
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This work contains a comprehensive description of Kwaza, which is an endangered and unclassified indigenous language of Southern Rond nia, Brazil. The Kwaza language, also known in the literature as Koai , is spoken by around 25 people today. Until recently, our knowledge of Kwaza was based on only three short word lists, from 1938, 1943 and 1984. Like the language, the culture and the history of its speakers are undocumented. The Kwaza people as an ethnic group have been decimated by increasing ecological, physical, social and cultural pressure from Western civilisation since contact in the past century. This is the situation for many indigenous peoples of Rond nia and of the Amazon region in general. Linguists expect that the majority of these peoples will cease to exist as distinct language communities during the coming decades. The present work is intended as a contribution to the documentation and preservation of the languages of the Amazon basin. In this respect, Kwaza has represents an especially urgent case in view of its undetermined classification, the lack of documentation and its endangered status. This work is based on the author s personal fieldwork conducted between 1995 and 2002, and it consists of three parts. Part I contains a thorough description of the phonology and morphosyntax of the language and a concise overview of its social, cultural and historical context. Part II contains a diverse selection of transcribed and translated texts with interlinear morphological analyses. Part III is a dictionary of Kwaza, including many examples and an English-Kwaza register. This complete description is of interest to linguists in general, scholars of South American languages in particular, and anthropologists and historians interested in the Guapor region.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The sounds of Kwaza
45
Kwaza consonant phonemes
46
The environments of affricates sibilants and dental or apical
60
Some consonant oppositions and the absence of voice
62
Oral vowelglide combinations
65
Nasal vowelglide combinations
66
Consonantglide combinations in a limited consonant inventory 67 Table 8 An alternative analysis of consonantglide combinations 67 Table 9 Definit...
87
Prohibitive mood and subject crossreference
327
Overview of distribution of procrastinative tara
445
Adverbs and adverbial expressions
485
Other morphosyntactic structures
519
The negative suffix he in the declarative mood
520
Subordination and coordination
605
Person crossreference marking with declarative potential tsy
610
Overview of adverbial clause morphology
628

Consonant phonemes and their allophones
88
Types of Kwaza morphemes
97
Morpheme positions in the noun
98
Morpheme positions in the adverb
99
The noun phrase
105
The Kwaza demonstrative system
234
The Kwaza personal pronoun system
235
Pronouns and subject crossreference morphemes
237
The verb phrase
243
Personal pronouns and person crossreference markers
245
Subject and object person crossreference forms
248
Subject and object person crossreference forms
256
Compatibility of inclusive and exclusive reference
258
Mood markers of Kwaza matrix verbs
284
Verb control and the relative grammaticality of the volitive
314
Persuasive mood and subject crossreference
319
Medial clause markers and switch reference
672
Lexicosemantic categories
715
Subject continuity in cosubordination constructions 687 Table 35 Association range of colour terms for red and black
717
sinahere the family
723
Brothersister terminology
724
Age terminology
725
Introduction
739
Modern personal accounts
797
Translated text
804
Dictionary
815
EnglishKwaza index
968
References
997
Indices of affixes
1009
Subject index
1019
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About the author (2004)

The author is affiliated with the Universities of Nijmegen and Leiden in the Netherlands, and with the Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi in Brazil.

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