The Central Intelligence Agency: Security Under Scrutiny

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006 - Political Science - 375 pages
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Created in 1947, the Central Intelligence Agency plays an important part in the nation's intelligence activities, and is currently playing a vital role in the war on terrorism. While the agency is often in the news and portrayed in television shows and films, it remains one of the most secretive and misunderstood organizations in the United States. This work provides an in-depth look into the Central Intelligence Agency and how its responsibilities affect American life.

After a brief history of the agency, chapters describe its organization, intelligence/counterintelligence, covert operations, controversies, key events, and notable people.

 

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The Central Intelligence Agency: security under scrutiny

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The quality of security provided by the CIA is certainly under investigation as never before. In the new volume in Greenwood's "Understanding Our Government" series, editor Theoharis (The FBI ... Read full review

Contents

A Brief History of the CIA
1
US Intelligence from the Revolution through World War II
2
The Dissolution of OSS and the Origins of the CIA
3
The Creation of the CIA
9
The Early Years of the CIA 19471949
11
The Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 and Reorganizing the CIA
14
The Origins of CIA Covert Operations
15
The Directorship of Walter Bedell Smith
18
A World of Secrets Intelligence and Counterintelligence
121
Early Cold War
123
Intelligence Comes of Age
127
The Cuban Missile Crisis
130
The CORONA Project and Communications Interception
131
The Directorate of Science and Technology
132
Vietnam
134
Retrenchment and Reagan
138

The Directorship of Allen Dulles
22
CIA Covert Operations during the 1950s
25
The Origins of CIA Technical Intelligencethe U2 and CORONA
28
The Bay of Pigs Invasion
34
The Directorship of John McCone and the Cuban Missile Crisis
37
The CIA and the Vietnam Crisis
40
The Nixon Presidency and the CIA
46
Watergate and the Church and Pike Committee Investigations
49
The Post1975 Debate over the CIA
52
The Iranian Hostage Crisis
54
President Reagan Unleashes the CIA
57
The IranContra Affair
59
The End of the Cold War and the Collapse of Communism
61
Afghanistan Iraq the Balkansand the CIAs PostCold
63
A New ThreatIslamic Terrorism
67
The September 11 2001 Terrorist Attack
70
The Second Iraq War
71
Reorganizing the Intelligence Community
79
The Liaison Arrangements of the Central Intelligence Agency
85
The National Security Council
86
Accountability
88
The Organization of the Central Intelligence Agency
89
Cultures in Conflict
90
The Directorate of Science and Technology DST
91
The Difficulties of Managing the CIA
92
CIA Liaison within the Executive Branch
93
The Policy Departments and Agencies
94
The Intelligence Community
95
Dikes to Contain Centrifugal Forces
96
Gorillas in the Stovepipes
97
Liaison Challenges within the Executive Branch
98
The Importance of Marketing
99
Rapport YesPoliticization No
101
CIA Liaison with the Legislative Branch
102
A Failure to Communicate
103
Executive Branch Cooperation
105
The Barrier of Excessive Secrecy
106
Member Motivation
107
Reporting Requirements
108
Cooptation
109
CIA Liaison with Foreign Intelligence Services
110
The Scope of Foreign Intelligence Liaison
111
Counterintelligence Liaison
113
The Risks of Foreign Liaison
114
Liaison with International Organizations
116
The Peoples Republic of China
139
Soviet Defense Capabilities
141
Central America the Nicaraguan Contras and Afghanistan
144
1985The Year of the Spy
145
Brace New World
146
The New World of Snakes
148
The Clinton Presidency and the New Terrorist Threat
149
The September 11 2001 Terrorist Attack the Iraq War and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act
152
A New Agency The Origins and Expansion of CIA Covert Operations
155
NSC 4A NSC 102
156
Office of Policy Coordination and the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949
158
Iranian and Guatemalan Coups
159
NSC 5412
162
South Vietnam Laos Indonesia
164
Bay of Pigs and Operation MONGOOSE
167
Congo Dominican Republic South Vietnam Chile
169
Congress for Cultural Freedom National Student Association Operation CHAOS
172
HughesRyan Angola Intelligence Oversight Act
176
IranContra
179
Terrorism al Qaeda the Kean Commission
185
Lapdog or Rogue Elephant? CIA Controversies from 1947 to 2004
189
The Creation of the Agency and the Internal Security Ban
190
Unquestioned Support
192
A New Era of Scrutiny
193
Operation CHAOS
195
The Kennedy Assassination and CIA Conspiracy Theories
196
The CIA and Watergate
198
The PostWatergate Investigations and the Year of Intelligence
202
Frank Church and the Rogue Elephant
203
Otis Pike and the Imperial Presidency
206
Watchdogs and WhistleBlowers
208
Team B the Helms Perjury Case and the Nosenko Affair
211
The Year of the Spy
213
The CIA and IranContra
215
The CIA and Drugs
221
The Failure of Intelligence before 911
222
The Sixteen Words and Intelligence Manipulation
225
Conclusion
229
Biographies of Important CIA Administrators
231
Chronology of Key Events
307
Annotated Bibliography
337
Index
357
About the Editor and Contributors
373
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

ATHAN THEOHARIS is Professor of History at Marquette University. He is the author of numerous books including The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide.

RICHARD IMMERMAN is Chair of the History Department at Temple University. He has authored books on foreign policy and CIA covert operations.

LOCH JOHNSON is Professor of Political Science at the University of Georgia and former counsel, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.

KATHRYN OLMSTED is Professor of History at the University of California, Davis and has written books on the CIA.

JOHN PRADOS is a senior analyst of the National Security Archive in Washington, D.C.

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