Scientific Authorship: Credit and Intellectual Property in Science

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Psychology Press, 2003 - Law - 384 pages
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Since the 17th century our ideas of scientific authorship have expanded and changed dramatically. In this work, Mario Biagioli and Peter Galison have brought together historians of science, literary historians, and historians of the book. Together they track the changing nature and identity of the author in science, both historically and conceptually, from the emergence of scientific academies in the age of Galileo to concerns with large-scale multiauthorship and intellectual property rights in the age of cloning labs and pharmaceutical giants. How, for example, do we decide whether a chemical compound is discovered or invented? What does it mean to patent genetic material? Documenting the emergence of authorship in the late medieval period, authorship's limits and its fragmentation, Scientific Authorship offers a collective history of a complex relationship.
 

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综合:科学合作:信用和知识产权

Contents

EMERGENCE OF AUTHORSHIP
5
Foucaults Chiasmus
13
Butter for Parsnips
33
The Ambivalence of Authorship
67
A The Uses of Anonymity in the Age of Reason
91
Can Artisans Be Scientific Authors? I 13
113
A Very Hard Nut to Crack
133
LIMITS OF AUTHORSHIP
165
Uncommon Controversies
225
Rights or Rewards?
253
The Death of the Authors of Death
281
Discourses of Circumstance
309
The Collective Author
325
COMMENTARIES
359
CONTRIBUTORS
373
Copyright

Beyond Authorship
195

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About the author (2003)

Mario Biagioli is Professor of the History of Science at Harvard and author of Galileo, Courtier. He is editor of The Science Studies Reader (Routledge). Peter Galison is Mallinkrodt Professor of the History of Science at Harvard. He is the author of several books, including Image and Logic and is editor, with Caroline Jones, of Picturing Science, Producing Art (Routledge).

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