Economic Life in Ottoman Europe: Taxation, Trade and the Struggle for Land, 1600-1800
Cambridge University Press, 1981 - Business & Economics - 226 pages
Of the various monopolies exercised by the Ottoman ruling stratum in their long domination over South-eastern Europe, the most lasting in its effects was their monopoly over information. The scanty knowledge that outsiders had of this area improved only in the nineteenth century as, one after another, the Balkan nations regained independence and, with it, their identities. Well into the twentieth century, historians made do with very incomplete information about the period prior to the national revivals of the last century. The result was a tendency to offer disturbingly impoverished and flattened views of provincial life under Ottoman rule, inviting doctrinaire distortions of these eclipsed centuries. In this book, originally published in 1982, Bruce McGowan presents material concerning this neglected area. His painstaking study of Ottoman records provides convincing analyses of economic, fiscal and demographic questions fundamental to our understanding of the region.
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akches Aleppo Anatolia appear avanz avariz Barkan Beograd Black Sea Bosnia Braudel Bulgaria Byzantine chiftlik chiftlik agriculture chiftlik holders chifts collection commodities cotton cultivator Cvetkova Danube demand demographic dispossession Dutch Economic History eighteenth century European ferman figures fiscal French grain head tax holding household ibid Inalcik incl Islam Istanbul jizye kadi kaza labor late Levant Levant trade Levantine livres London Macedonia Manastir district Manastir Sijil Masson Matkovski Mediterranean military miri mukataa Murat III Muslim niiziil nineteenth century Osmanh Ottoman Empire Ottoman Europe Ottoman exports Ottoman territories Paris Pasha peasant period population ports prebendal prebendal system provinces reaya records registers revenues Rumeli Salonica Serbia seventeenth and eighteenth seventeenth century siècle silk sipahi sixteenth century Skopje Smyrna Sofia south-eastern Europe Stoianovich Suceska Tanzimat tapu tax house tevzi lists timar timar system tion treasury usurpation vakif Venetian vezir Vidin villages wheat wool XVIIIe siecle zone