The Militarization of Culture in the Dominican Republic, from the Captains General to General Trujillo
The Militarization of Culture in the Dominican Republic, from the Captains General to General Trujillo traces the interaction of the military and the civilian population, showing the many ways in which the military ethos has permeated Dominican culture. Valentina Peguero categorizes the Dominican military before 1930 as protectionists, facilitators, or self-servers, a framework that sheds new light on Dominican civil-military relations.
Peguero synchronizes the history of the Dominican military and that of Dominican society from her dual perspectives as a native of the Dominican Republic during the Trujillo era and as a historian who is well acquainted with the country?s history and literature. She shows how the brutal Trujillo dictatorship created La Nueva Patria (The New Fatherland) to promote a new order and present the military as a model for society, imposing military principles on the civil society and mixing military culture with popular culture to reshape the nation. Structured around interviews with former military personnel, scholars, and politicians, this study brings to life documentary information and presents a poignant narrative that describes the unintended consequences that resulted when Trujillo valued arming the nation above meeting the needs of the populace.
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agricultural air force army army’s Balaguer became beneﬁted Cáceres Ciudad Trujillo Cívica civilian colonel colonial commander Crassweller Dajabón December Department dictator dictatorship Discursos Dominican armed forces Dominican government Dominican military Dominican navy Dominican Republic economic ejército enlisted Espaillat established exiles February ﬁrst fuerzas armadas García goals Guardia Universitaria Haiti Haitian Héctor Héctor Trujillo Heureaux Historia Horacio Vásquez inﬂuence January jillo Jimenes Joaquín Balaguer José Juan Juan Bosch Juan Isidro Jimenes June Latin American leaders Listín Diario Little Caesar loyalty March mensajes y proclamas military culture military government minican Naval navy October ofﬁce ofﬁcer corps ofﬁcials organization Partido Partido Dominicano Patria peasants president promotion Rafael Ramﬁs reﬂected República Dominicana Revista riﬂes Santo Domingo schools Secretary September signiﬁcant social society soldiers Trujillo Molina Trujillo Regime Trujillo’s military Trujillo’s political U.S. military U.S. occupation Ulises Heureaux United usna Vásquez Vega Pagán weapons