The Forests of Buchanan County, Virginia

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J.P. Bell Company, 1918 - Forests and forestry - 20 pages
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Page 19 - ... walnut logs were hauled long distances to railroads, and poplar and cucumber logs were floated in great numbers down the streams to Catlettsburg, Kentucky. Almost all of the original yellow poplar has been cut for this purpose. Some white oak logs were also floated with the poplar by means of rafts. (14) The present methods of lumbering. — Lumbering is conducted at present chiefly by large mills and logging railroads, each operation being necessarily confined to one watershed and the operators...
Page 18 - ... trees of commercial importance. — The most important trees are white oak and tulip poplar. Others are chestnut, chestnut oak, northern red oak ("water oak"), hemlock, black oak, and hard maple. (7) Forest types. — The forests may be divided into four types — ridge, slope, cove, and bottom — the occurrence of each being indicated by its name. There are characteristic species composing each type. (8) Classification of the forests of the "coal-bearing rocks
Page 18 - ... Virginia line. This has been of immense benefit to the people of the cc-unty. Its chief use at present is for the transportation of logs to the mills and lumber from the mills to the main line. There are other railroads used for logging purposes only. The location of these, however, is only temporary. INDUSTRIES. The county is "undeveloped." The entire surface is underlain with valuable coal deposits, which are just beginning to be developed. Lumbering is the principal industry. A large per cent...
Page vi - Rock-oak bark, which is very valuable for its tannin, and worth at present from $1 1.00 to $12.50 per cord or ton on the car, is utilized by only one company operating in the county. The exceedingly steep slopes, the location of this species on the ridges, and the use of narrow-gauge railroads (making it necessary to transfer to other cars on the main line), are probably the chief drawbacks to the utilization of this valuable product. Approximately one ton of bark could be secured per thousand feet...
Page vi - FOR LUMBER. There are no wood-using industries in the county, and all lumber is shipped out.
Page ii - Disease (Endolhia parasitica), a fungous disease which has been causing widespread destruction to the chestnut in the northeastern states, and which has already killed or infected much chestnut in northern Virginia, has not reached the southwestern part of the State,' so far as is known at the present time (1917). * FOREST TYPES. There are three distinct forest types, namely, the Ridge type, the Slope type, and the Cove type. A bottom or stream type might also be described, but this covers only a...

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