A grammar of the Greek language, chiefly from the Germ. of R. Kühner

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1861
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Page 144 - ... circumstances of external things ; and as the relations in which these things stand to us in respect of their position were too manifold to be sufficiently defined by the simple powers of the cases, it happened that, as men examined into and comprehended the position of external things, some farther mode of expression became necessary, and cases of certain words, which, from their original meaning, were fitted for the expression of these relations, were so frequently used to express them, that...
Page 14 - Many verbs exist only in the middle voice (Deponent») ; and though we can not discern the exact relation in which the idea of self stands to the active notion of the verb, as the active form is no longer in existence, yet they mostly express notions in which self is very nearly interested ; such as, óéxopai, i/yéo/uu, çdtyuu, fauva/iat, aioeavo/tai, /шдо/uu, &c.
Page 645 - Xenophon represent, public speech 1 Jelf (following Kiihner) rightly classes Thucydides with those writers who, " engrossed with the subject, were overpowered by their flow of thought, and endeavouring to concentrate these notions in all their fulness in as few words as possible, passed from thought to thought, without taking much care that the several parts of the whole sentence should be connected together with a strict grammatical accuracy.
Page 65 - As the force of the Aorist may extend over the whole space of past time, without reference to any single definite moment, it is used to express an action which took place repeatedly in past time, or in the statement of some general fact or habitual practice which operated at different indefinite moments of past time. Goodwin, " Moods and Tenses,
Page 144 - ... the original and most perfect, the case the later and defective form ; thus shutting out from view the real state of the matter, and teaching the student to rest contented with an unphilosophical, pretended explanation, instead of leading him to search out the abstract powers of the cases, which were entirely obscured by thus supplying a preposition whenever they most really came into play. IV. There is a remarkable contrast between the Greek and the modern system of cases.
Page 578 - ... ie the whole statement, does not express the speaker's real opinion, either in Greek or in English, it is a case of lying, not of false syntax ! Most grammarians are eager to disclaim any connection...
Page 15 - The more limited usage of prose generally adopted but one or the other of such forms, or used both with a difference of meaning. Some are found, however, with both forms, without any such difference, even in Attic prose; as, каХЛ»/м'ш, — o¡uu; сидию/де'ш, — o/iai; <rrpar<mflSf¿*>, — o/uu.
Page 48 - Obs. 1. — When the antecedents are of different persons, the first person is preferred to the second, and the second to the third ; as, "John, and thou, and I, are attached to our country.
Page 15 - Homeric and post-Homeric dialects, there occur many intransitive verbs, especially those which express a perception of the mind or the senses, either in the middle voice only, or in the middle as well as the active ; while the later writers used the form in ш ; which confirms the notion that the middle form was originally the proper expression of intransitive and reflexive notions.
Page 646 - The constructions of Thucydides, he adds, " in spite of, or perhaps because of, their grammatical inaccuracy, have a power and depth of expression which perhaps no other prose writer ever attained.

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