The Emergence of Modern Architecture: A Documentary History from 1000 to 1810

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Liane Lefaivre, Alexander Tzonis
Psychology Press, 2004 - Architecture - 533 pages
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How did Modern Architecture come about as a way of thinking? What were the forces that led to its emergence and evolution? From where did the new desires, values and beliefs, the design methods and building types that make up its cognitive system originate?
In this book Liane Lefaivre and Alexander Tzonis bring together 140 documents spanning a period from the year 1000 to the end of the eighteenth century. They argue that Modern Architectural thinking was created during this period, a wholly new forma mentis for conceiving buildings, landscapes, and cities. The material includes, in addition to the more predictable texts, key extracts from architectural treatises, handbooks, and textbooks, material from letters, articles from the press of the times, scientific memoirs, maxims, poems, plays, and novels. Their authors are equally varied architects, patrons, politicians, artists, poets, scientists, priests, philosophers, and journalists. Some describe and systematize, some argue and criticize, and a large number are eager to present new findings and new ways to construe and construct the world.
Through these diverse records, figures, and voices Lefaivre and Tzonis reconstruct a process of complex and perplexing events, conflicts, experiments, and interactions. They uncover that modernism is by its very nature multiple and identify what they call the cognitive 'co-revolution', a web of parallel revolutionary changes occurring in courts, monasteries, palaces, villas, academies, and workshops. This is the story of the replacement over a period of eight centuries of an 'archaic' design mentality, based on myth and ritual, with today's modern forms of reasoning. Marked with contradictions, Modern Architecture emerges making use of rigorous science but also freewheeling fantasy, driven by the desire for efficiency as well as for luxury and aesthetic delight, for adventure of experiences and for critical reflection, for global universality and for regionalist identity, for totalitarian power and for emancipation of the deprived and the oppressed.

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List of illustration sources xii
Pietro Bertelli Theatrum Urbium Halicarum 1599 14
late tenth century Leo of Naples Letter of Alexander the Great to Aristotle Alexander
44 Abbot Suger On the Consecration of the Church of Saint Denis 34
April 261342 Francesco Petrarch The Ascent of Mount Ventoux 46
14Io Christine de Pisan The Book of Military and Chivalric Feats 49
Abbe JeanLouis de Cordemoy Extract from a Letter by the Author
Stephan Switzer A Forest or Rural Gardens Ichnographia 1718 276
Robert Castell The Villas of the Ancients 293
Epistle to Lord Burlington 300
Charles Etienne Briseux Lartde bdtir les maisons decampagne 17431761 315
Marc Antoine Laugier Essai surVarchitecture 1753 338
Sir William Chambers Designs for Chinese Buildings 1757 349
Contents Sublime and Beautiful 350

Ixiil Giacomo Barozzio da Vignola Cinque Ordini 1563 159
Antonio Rusconi DellArchitettura 1590 160
Jaques Ferret Des Fortifications et artifices architecture et perspective 1601 166167
Vincenzo Scamozzi DellIdea dellarchitettura universal 1615 171
Galileo Galilei Discorsi intorno a due nuove scienze 1638 187
i669 written Jean Dominique Cassini The Manuscript of the Anecdotes of the Life
Sir Christopher Wren Tracts on Architecture 203
Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz Architectura Civil recta y obliqua 1678 223225
written Guarino Guarini Civil Architecture 226
Guarino Guarini Architectura Civil 1678 230231
Antoine Desgodetz The Antique Buildings of Rome 236
Antoine Desgodetz Les Edifices antiques de Rome 1682 239
Francois de Salignac de la Mothe Fenelon The Adventures
Julien David Le Roy Ruines des plus beaux monuments de la Grece 1758 361
Robert Adam Ruins of the Palace at Spalatro 1764 371
Francesco Milizia Principles of Civil Architecture 428
composed AntoineChrysostome Quatremere de Quincy On Egyptian
Nicolas Caritat Marquis de Condorcet Report on Hospitals 442
Jacques Rene Tenon Reports on the Hospitals of Paris 456
Richard Elsam Essay on Rural Architecture 476
ClaudeNicolas Ledoux Concerning Architecture Seen From the Point
CharlesFrancois Viel On the Impotence of Mathematics to Insure
Bibliography and references 502
Index 526

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About the author (2004)

Liane Lefaivre is Professor and Chair of History and Theory of Architecture, University of Applied Art, Vienna, and Research Associate at the Technical University of Delft.

Alexander Tzonis is professor emeritus of architectural theory and design methods at the University of Technology of Delft. He is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including "Architecture in Europe since 1968," "Between Memory and Invention," and "Le Corbusier: Poetics of Machine and Metaphor." Alkistis Rodi is an architect based in Athens.

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