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1st sess Abolition Abolitionists Administration admission adopted advocated afterwards amendment American anti-slavery arguments Benton bill border ruffians Buchanan Cabinet Calhoun campaign candidate Chief Justice citizens civil committee compromise measures Cong Congress Constitution convention David Wilmot debate decision declared delegates Democratic party denounced doctrine Douglas Dred Scott election extension of slavery favor Federal free-State Fugitive Slave Law Georgia Globe Governor Grier Harrison House Illinois Indiana Jefferson Davis John judges Kansas Kansas-Nebraska act Kentucky Lecompton Constitution legislation liberty Lincoln majority Massachusetts meeting ment Mexico Missouri Compromise never nomination North Northern Ohio opinion opposed Oregon peace petition platform political popular sovereignty President presidential principles pro-slavery prohibit slavery repeal Republican party resolutions seceding secession Senator sentiment Seward slaveholding slavery slavery question South Carolina speech Sumner Supreme Court Taney territorial legislature Texas tion Union United Virginia vote Webster Whig Wilmot Proviso York
Page 369 - A house divided against itself cannot stand." I believe this Government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved, I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push...
Page 22 - States, and of amendments thereto, they constituted a general government for special purposes, delegated to that government certain definite powers, reserving, each State to itself, the residuary mass of right to their own self-government ; and that whensoever the general government assumes undelegated powers, its acts are unauthoritative, void, and of no force...
Page 376 - It is the eternal struggle between these two principles — right and wrong — throughout the world. They are the two principles that have stood face to face from the beginning of time; and will ever continue to struggle. The one is the common right of humanity, and the other the divine right of kings. It is the same principle in whatever shape it develops itself. It is the same spirit that says, "You toil and work and earn bread, and I'll eat it.
Page 377 - ... (It matters not what way the Supreme Court may hereafter decide as to the abstract question whether slavery may or may not go into a Territory under the Constitution ; the people have the lawful means to introduce it or exclude it as they please, for the reason that slavery cannot exist a day or an hour anywhere unless it is supported by local police regulations.
Page 23 - ... limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact, as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact ; and that in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers, not granted by the said compact, the states, who are parties thereto, have the right, and are in duty bound, to interpose, for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits, the authorities, rights,...
Page 427 - That the normal condition of all the territory of the United States is that of freedom ; that as our Republican fathers, when they had abolished slavery in all our national territory, ordained that no person should be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law...
Page 372 - I hold that, notwithstanding all this, there is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. I hold that he is as much entitled to these as the white man.
Page 331 - We cannot absolutely know that all these exact adaptations are the result of preconcert. But when we see a lot of framed timbers, different portions of which we know have been gotten out at different times and places and by different workmen, Stephen, Franklin, Roger, and James, for instance...
Page 371 - If they look back through this history to trace their connection with those days by blood, they find they have none, they cannot carry themselves back into that glorious epoch and make themselves feel that they are part of us, but when they look through that old Declaration of Independence they find that those old men say that "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal...