The Barbary Wars: American Independence in the Atlantic World
American independence was secured from Britain on September 3, 1783. Within a year, the American merchant ship "Betsey" was captured by Sallee Rovers, state-sponsored pirates operating out of the ports of Morocco. Algerian pirates quickly seized two more American ships: the boats were confiscated, their crews held captive, and ransom demanded of the fledging American government.
The history of America's conflict with the piratical states of the Mediterranean runs through the presidencies of Washington, Adams, Jefferson and Madison; the adoption of the Constitution; the Quasi-War with France and the War of 1812; the construction of a full-time professional navy; and, most important, the nation's haltering steps toward commercial independence. Frank Lambert's genius is to see in the Barbary Wars the ideal means of capturing the new nation's shaky emergence in the complex context of the Atlantic world.
Depicting a time when Britain ruled the seas and France most of Europe, "The Barbary Wars" proves America's earliest conflict with the Arabic world was always a struggle for economic advantage rather than any clash of cultures or religions.
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The Barbary wars: American independence in the Atlantic worldUser Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
Lambert (history, Purdue Univ.; The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America ) argues that the Barbary Wars were an American struggle for the exercise of free trade rather than a battle ... Read full review
1 The American Revolution Checked
2 Tribute or Arms?
3 Tributary to the Barbary States
4 The Cultural Construction of the Barbary Pirates
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Algerine Algiers Treaty Ameri American independence American merchants American shipping American trade American vessels Atlantic world attack Bainbridge Barbary pirates Barbary Powers Barbary Wars Barron bary bashaw blockade Britain British captain captives captured Christian colonial command commerce Commodore Congress consul corsairs crew Decatur declared defeat demands depredations Derne dey of Algiers dey’s enemy enslaved Europe European powers Federalists fight fleet force France Franklin free trade French frigates gunboats guns Hamet harbor Hassan Ibid Islam Jay’s Treaty John Adams Lear Madison markets Mediterranean military Moroccan Morocco Muslims nation Naval Documents Related navigation negotiations North Africa peace treaty Philadelphia piracy political ports Preble president prisoners raids ranean ransom Related to Barbary religion reported Republicans sailed sailors Secretary Senate slaves Spain squadron Stephen Decatur Thomas Jefferson tion Tobias Lear Tripoli Tripoli Treaty Tripolitan Tripolitan War Tunis tyranny U.S. Navy United vols warships Washington wrote York Yusuf Yusuf Karamanli