Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen, Volume 30

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R. Peppmüller, 1906 - Comparative linguistics

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Page 234 - ... any idea of number associated with it. The concept of duality, also, is grasped with perfect readiness. This concept is, in its simplest form, presented to the mind as soon as the individual distinguishes himself from another person, though the idea is still essentially concrete. Perhaps the first glimmering of any real number thought in connection with 2 comes when the savage contrasts one single object with another — or, in other words, when he first recognizes the pair. At first the individuals...
Page 238 - The savage can form no mental concept of what civilized man means by such a word as " soul " ; nor would his idea of the abstract number 5 be much clearer. When he says five, he uses, in many cases at least, the same word that serves him when he wishes to say hand; and his mental concept when he says five is of a hand.
Page 232 - There are dialects which are in a state of infantile bewilderment before the problem of numeration; they have words for 'one,' 'two,' and 'three;' but all beyond is an undivided 'many.
Page 234 - At first the individuals composing the pair are simply " this one " and " that one," or " this and that" ; and his number system now halts for a time at the stage when he can, rudely enough it may be, count 1, 2, many. There are certain cases where the forms of 1 and 2 are so similar that one may readily imagine that these numbers really were "this" and "that" in the savage's original conception of them; and the same likeness occurs in the words for 3 and 4, which may readily enough have been a second...
Page 227 - In the methods of finger counting employed by savages a considerable degree of uniformity has been observed. Not only does he use his fingers to assist him in his tally, but he almost always begins with the little finger of his left hand, thence proceeding towards the thumb, which is 5.
Page 320 - ich preise" u. dgl. sind, — so äußert sich Oldenberg s. 364 — mit oder ohne vah, allein — gleichviel aus welchen gründen, aber die tatsache steht fest — eben die formen wie huve ttuae".
Page 232 - The Andamans have only two numeral words, though they count as high as 10 by means of their fingers. Ten they express by their word for "all".
Page 168 - ... Das gewichtlosere Wort gibt alsdann seine Unabhängigkeit, nicht aber seine Selbständigkeit, als getrenntes Element der Rede auf. Es verliert seinen Akzent und fällt in das Gebiet des Akzents des gewichtigeren Wortes." Humboldt, Kawisprache p. CLXXVI. Buttmann, Ausführliche Sprachlehre I 61: „Enklitisch sind nur solche Wörter, welche durch Sinn und Aussprache so genau an das vorhergehende Wort sich anschließen können, daß sie ihren Ton auf dasselbe werfen. Vgl. Bezzenberger BB 30 (1905)...
Page 165 - Aurelius nusciciones esse caecitudines nocturnas. Aelius Stilo: qui plus videret vesperi quam meridie, nee cognosceret, nisi quod usque ad oculos admovisset.
Page 248 - Opawinge [Opawi"xe], one hundred, is derived from pawinga [pawi"xa], to go around in circles, to make gyrations, and contains the idea that the round of all the fingers has again been made for their respective tens. So the circle is never used for less than one hundred, but sometimes signifies an indefinite number greater than a hundred. The circle, in this instance, therefore, was at first believed to express the killing in battle of many enemies.

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