Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to Sdi
This book is a history of the complex relations between scientific advisors, primarily physicists, and U.S. presidents in their role as decision makers about nuclear weapons and military strategy. The story, unsurprisingly, is one of considerable tension between the "experts" and the politicians, as scientists seek to influence policy and presidents alternate between accepting their advice and resisting or even ignoring it. First published in 1992, the book has been brought up to date to include the experiences of science advisors to President Clinton. In addition, the texts of eleven crucial documents, from the Einstein-Szilard letter to President Roosevelt (1939) to the announcement of the Strategic Defense Initiative by President Reagan (1983), have been added as appendixes.
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Speaking the Truth to Power
A EinsteinSzilard Letter to President Roosevelt proposal to build
F Killians Charter for PSAC December 1957
Garwin Letter to President Carter defense of a comprehensive test
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administration advice Air Force Alamos American announced Arms Control arms race atomic bomb Atomic Energy Atomic Shield ballistic missile Bethe Bush Carter Committee concern decision director disarmament DuBridge early Edward Teller Eisenhower Eisenhower's Fermi fission Garwin H-bomb Hans Bethe Herbert York Hewlett Hornig Ibid ICBM interview Isidor Rabi January Jasons Jerome Wiesner Johnson Kennedy Keyworth Khrushchev Killian Kissinger Kistiakowsky later Leo Szilard letter McNamara Memorandum of meeting Mike military MIRV moratorium National Security Nixon nuclear testing nuclear weapons Oppenheimer OSTP Oval Office panel Panofsky Pentagon physicist political president president's Press Project proposed PSAC PSAC's Rabi Reagan reportedly role Ruina Russians science adviser Science and Technology scientists Seaborg Secretary Senate Soviet Union Sputnik stockpile Strauss Super superbomb technical test ban thermonuclear tion Truman U.S. Congress U.S. Government Printing United urged Vietnam warheads Washington White House Wiesner wrote