Leviathan - Revised Edition
Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan is the greatest work of political philosophy in English and the first great work of philosophy in English. Beginning with premises that were sometimes controversial, such as that every human action is caused by the agent’s desire for his own good, Hobbes derived shocking conclusions, such as that the civil government enjoys absolute control over its citizens and that the sovereign has the right to determine which religion is to be practiced in a commonwealth. Hobbes’s contemporaries recognized the power of arguments in Leviathan and many of them wrote responses to it; selections by John Bramhall, Robert Filmer, Edward Hyde, George Lawson, William Lucy, Samuel Pufendorf, and Thomas Tenison are included in this edition.
Leviathan is divided into four parts: In the first part, Of Man, Hobbes presents a view of human beings and of the natural world in general that is materialistic and mechanistic. In the second part, Of Commonwealth, he defends the theory of absolute sovereignty, the view that the government has all the political power and has the right to control any aspect of life. In the third part, Of a Christian Commonwealth, he critiques concepts like revelation, prophets, and miracles in such a way that it becomes doubtful whether they can be rationally justified. In the fourth part, Of the Kingdom of Darkness, he explains various ways in which priestly religion has corrupted religion and transgressed the rights of the sovereign.
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From Robert Filmer Observations Concerning the Original of Government Upon Mr Hobbess Leviathan Mr Milton Against Salmasius H Grotius De J...
From George Lawson An Examination of the Political Part of Mr Hobbs His Leviathan Printed by R White for Francis Tyton 1657
From John Bramhall The Catching of Leviathan or the Great Whale Printed by ET for John Crook 1658
From William Lucy Observations Censures and Confutations of Notorious Errours in Mr Hobbes His Leviathan Printed by JG for Nath Brooke 1663
From Thomas Tenison The Creed of Mr Hobbes Examined in a Feigned Conference between Him and a Student in Divinity Printed for Francis Tyto...
From Samuel Pufendorf Of the Law of Nature and of Nations in Eight Books 1672
From Edward Hyde A Brief View and Survey of the Dangerous and Pernicious Errors to Church and State in Mr Hobbess Book Entitled Leviathan O...
From Thomas Hobbes An Answer to a Book Published by Dr Bramhall late Bishop of Derry called The Catching of the Leviathan London W Crooke...