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I. Photographic facsimile of handwriting of

Claude Pijart; being an entry, dated
June 29, 1655, in the first register of
the Parish of Notre Dame, Montreal

(1642 -68). . • Facing 62 II. Photographic facsimile of title-page, Rela

tion of 1656-57 .

PREFACE TO VOL. XLIII

Following is a summary of the documents contained in the present volume:

XCIV. Le Jeune writes (March, 1657) a short business letter to the hospital superior at Quebec. He refers to certain accounts and bills, some of which he has settled; and states that he has received certain alms for the Quebec convent. He also announces that more nuns are going thither from the Dieppe house.

XCV. The Journal des Jésuites for 1657 is written by Jean de Quen; it is much more full than in the years immediately preceding, especially in recording church ceremonies. In January, De Charny, the acting governor, despatches two Frenchmen to Onondaga; but they cannot go beyond Montreal, as they have no guide and the roads are bad. Services in the large church are begun March 31. The superior receives (April 3) the abjuration of a young man, presumably a Huguenot. A week later, he signs a petition, made by the carpenters of the town, for the establishment of the brotherhood of Ste. Anne. As soon as warm weather approaches, Onondaga Indians commit various hostile acts, notwithstanding the ostensible peace with that tribe. Jean Bourdon sets out, May 2, for his journey to find the North Sea. On the sixth, several Onondaga bands are prowling about Quebec; councils are held between

these and the French with their allies. All the speeches of the Onondagas “ amounted to nothing,mere ambages, mera tenebra." During the negotia. tions, an Onondaga is accidentally wounded by a Frenchman. Complaint of this is made; and Father le Moyne“ applies to the wounded man a plaster, in the shape of a porcelain collar.” The Onondagas return to their own country on the 15th, with three Huron ambassadors; on the way, the Hurons are prevented by the Mohawks from completing their journey. The first French vessel comes, this year, on May 27. The next day, a Mohawk band come to Quebec, to carry away the Hurons to their country, for which purpose more councils are held. The French learn that the Mohawks have intrigued between the Hurons and Onondagas, to induce the former to go to the Mohawk country instead of Onondaga, The French try to persuade the Mohawks to delay this project until the arrival of the new governor, D'Argenson.

On the first day of June, Le Mercier arrives from Onondaga; he brings good news from its mission there. The next day, the Mohawks carry away a number of Huron women and children. On the Thirteenth, the chapel and all the other buildings at fillery are destroyed by fire. Three days later, one of the Iluron tribes is embarked on the French aliallops, to go to live at Onondaga; and, later, Le Mercier again goes thither.

A party of French and Algonkins, who had gone in April to trade with the Poissons-blancs, or Attikainbiles, return to Quebec, July 15, laden with

ties, On the twenty-ninth occurs a notable arnival that of the Abbé de Queylus and three Sulpitian priests. Two weeks later, another Mohawk band come to Quebec, and carry away more of the Hurons to the Iroquois land. August 11, Bourdon returns from his voyage of exploration, which has proved fruitless, owing to the hostility of the Northern savages. On the twentieth, a French vessel arrives, whose captain brings information that the new governor, D'Argenson, had embarked on his vessel, but, long delayed by unfavorable weather, had returned to France. Le Moyne again sets out for the Mohawk country.

The curacy at Quebec is assumed by the Sulpitian abbé de Queylus, September 12; and, soon afterward, he delivers a sermon against the Jesuits. About this time, De Charny (temporary governor in place of his father, De Lauson) returns to France; D'Ailleboust takes his place until D'Argenson shall arrive. The new governor complains to the Jesuit superior of the latter's want of confidence in him regarding affairs at Onondaga, especially because the presents sent thence to Onontio have not yet been delivered to him. These are accordingly sent to D'Ailleboust by the superior. Unfortunately, another grievance arises between them. Letters from the Jesuits, criticising the governor and De Queylus, fall into the hands of the latter, who are greatly offended thereat. On the following Sunday, the abbé delivers “ a sati. rical discourse” aimed at the Jesuits.

Various attacks by the Iroquois, upon both the French and their allies, are recorded in the closing months of the year. D'Ailleboust adopts more vigorous measures than his predecessors had taken; he has all the Iroquois who are at the settlements arrested and put in irons, and then sends two of

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