Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reform

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University of Illinois Press, 2011 - Education - 344 pages
In an era when college football coaches frequently command higher salaries than university presidents, many call for reform to restore the balance between amateur athletics and the educational mission of schools. This book traces attempts at college athletics reform from 1855 through the early twenty-first century while analyzing the different roles played by students, faculty, conferences, university presidents, the NCAA, legislatures, and the Supreme Court. Pay for Play: A History of Big-Time College Athletic Reform also tackles critically important questions about eligibility, compensation, recruiting, sponsorship, and rules enforcement. Discussing reasons for reform--to combat corruption, to level the playing field, and to make sports more accessible to minorities and women--Ronald A. Smith candidly explains why attempts at change have often failed. Of interest to historians, athletic reformers, college administrators, NCAA officials, and sports journalists, this thoughtful book considers the difficulty in balancing the principles of amateurism with the need to draw income from sporting events.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 StudentControlled Athletics and Early Reform
8
2 Faculty Faculty Athletic Committees and Reform Efforts
17
3 Early Interinstitutional Reform Efforts
25
Promoters of Reformers?
34
5 Football Progressive Reform and the Creation of the NCAA
42
A Faculty Debating Society for Amateurism
51
7 The 1920s and the Carnegie Report on College Athletics
59
14 The Hanford Report Rejected Reform and Proposition 48
131
15 Title IX and Governmental Reform in Womens Athletics
141
16 African Americans Freshman Eligibility and Forced Reform
151
17 Presidential Control Minor Reform and the Knight Commission
164
18 NCAA Reorganization the Board of Presidents Reform and the APR
175
CARE the Drake Group and COIA
187
A Nearly Forgotten Reform
197
Afterword
207

Gates Hutchins and Bowman
71
The 1930s Graham Plan Failure
81
A National Reform Gone Wrong
88
11 Ivy League Presidential Reform
99
12 Scandals and the ACE Reform Effort in the 1950s
109
Chaos in the Sports Yards
121
Intercollegiate Athletic Reform Timeline
213
Notes
237
Bibliography
285
Index
327
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

 

Ronald A. Smith is professor emeritus of sports history at Penn State University and the author of several books, including Sports and Freedom: The Rise of Big-Time College Athletics and Play-by-Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport.

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