The Modernization of Public Education in the Ottoman Empire, 1839-1908: Islamization, Autocracy, and Discipline

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BRILL, 2001 - Education - 414 pages
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The aim of the Ottoman educational reforms was to raise a class of educated bureaucrats as a means of administrative centralization, and a design to inculcate authoritarian and religious values among the population for the legitimization of state authority. This study, which deals with the modernization of Ottoman public education during the period of reform, is based on sources such as Ottoman archives, published documents, textbooks, and memoirs. It discusses the main factors that led to Ottoman educational reforms. The topics in this volume include the expansion of provincial education, financial policies, curricular issues, the educational ideology of the Tanzimat (1839-1876) and the Hamidian periods (1878-1908), ethnic groups in the Balkans, Anatolia and Arabia, and the process of socialization. The book particularly addresses those readers interested in the educational, social and administrative history of the late Ottoman period.
 

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Osmanlı egitim sitemi ile Panopticon arasındaki baglantıyı ortaya koyuyor.

Contents

Introduction
1
The Emergence of Government Primary Education
15
Beginnings of Government Education in the Provinces
65
Legal Steps
83
Taxation Measures Local
139
Local Financial Resources
152
The Problem of Rüşdiyye Schools and Local Educational
160
Curricular
166
Schoolbooks and the Hamidian Ideology
187
Foreign Schools and the Hamidian Education
202
NonSunni Populations
219
Childrens Impressions of School and the Process
242
Primary Education
252
Rüşdiyye Schools Secondary Education and Adolescence
262
Conclusion
271
Bibliography
378

The Question of Practical Education
173
The Hamidian Policy of Social Disciplining
179

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About the author (2001)

Selcuk Ak in Somel, Ph.D. (1993) in Turkology, University of Bamberg, is Assistant Professor of Ottoman History at Bilkent University, Ankara. He has published articles on Ottoman educational history and on peripheral populations of the Ottoman Empire.

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