The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective

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Lexington Books, Aug 20, 2014 - Religion - 324 pages
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Religiously motivated violence caused by the fusion of state and religion occurred in medieval Tibet and Bhutan and later in imperial Japan, but interfaith conflict also followed colonial incursions in India, Sri Lanka, and Burma. Before that time, there was a general premodern harmony among the resident religions of the latter countries, and only in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries did religiously motivated violence break out. While conflict caused by Hindu fundamentalists has been serious and widespread, a combination of medieval Tibetan Buddhists and modern Sri Lankan, Japanese, and Burmese Buddhists has caused the most violence among the Asian religions. However, the Chinese Taiping Christians have the world record for the number of religious killings by one single sect. A theoretical investigation reveals that specific aspects of the Abrahamic religions—an insistence on the purity of revelation, a deity who intervenes in history, but one who still is primarily transcendent—may be primary causes of religious conflict. Only one factor—a mystical monism not favored in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam—was the basis of a distinctively Japanese Buddhist call for individuals to identify totally with the emperor and to wage war on behalf of a divine ruler. The Origins of Religious Violence: An Asian Perspective uses a methodological heuristic of premodern, modern, and constructive postmodern forms of thought to analyze causes and offer solutions to religious violence.
 

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Contents

1 From Mongols to Mughals
1
2 Hindu Nationalism Modernism and Reverse Orientalism
25
3 Premodern Harmony Sri Lankan Buddhist Nationalism and Violence
45
4 Burmese Nationalisms and Religious Violence against Muslims
67
5 Buddhism in Bhutan
97
6 Compassionate Violence inTibetan Buddhism
129
7 Buddhism and Japanese Nationalism
183
8 Sikhism the Seduction of Modernism and the Question of Violence
201
9 Religious Nationalism Violence and Taiping Christianity
221
10 Hypotheses on the Reasons for Religious Violence
241
11 Weak Belief Overcoming the Other and Constructive Postmodernism
257
Selected Bibliography
279
Index
287
About the Author
295
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About the author (2014)

Nicholas F. Gier is professor emeritus of philosophy at the University of Idaho.

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