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agglutinative Anglo-Saxon Apabhramsas Arabic Aramaic Aryan Aryan family Aryan languages Aryas Avesta barbarians Bible Brahmans branch called Celtic century Chinese classification Comparative Grammar Comparative Philology consonant derived dialects dictionary Dionysius Thrax doubt elements English existed express Ezion-geber French Frisian genealogical genitive German Gothic grammarians grammatical forms Greek and Latin Grimm growth guage Hanxleden Hebrew Hervas human speech idea India inscriptions instance Italian Latin Leibniz likewise literary language Low-German Magadhi means missionaries modern Mongolic nature never nouns Ophir origin of language Pali Pehlevi Persian philosophers phonetic corruption plough plural Pott Prakrit predicative preserved primitive pronouns race Roman Rome root sacred Saxon scholars science of language Semitic Semitic languages sense Slavonic speak spoken Strabo supposed terminations Teutonic tion traced back translation tribes Tungusic Turanian Turanian languages Turkic Turkish Ulfilas Veda Vedic verb vowels words writes Zend Zoroaster
Page 14 - For it is evident, we observe no footsteps in them of making use of general signs, for universal ideas ; from which we have reason to imagine, that they have not the faculty of abstracting, or making general ideas, since they have no use of words or any other general signs.
Page 224 - The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists...
Page 508 - The neighing of a horse, the lowing of a cow, the barking of a dog, the purring of a cat, sneezing, coughing, groaning, shrieking, and every other involuntary convulsion with oral sound, have almost as good a title to be called parts of speech as interjections have...
Page 512 - of particular names to denote particular objects, that is, the institution of nouns substantive, would probably be one of the first steps towards the formation of language. Two savages who had never been taught to speak, but had been bred up remote from the societies of men, would naturally begin to form that language by which they would endeavour to make their mutual wants intelligible to each other by uttering certain sounds whenever they meant to denote certain objects. Those objects only which...
Page 526 - If it may be doubted, whether beasts compound and enlarge their ideas that way, to any degree: this, I think, I may be positive in, that the power of abstracting is not at all in them; and that the having of general ideas, is that which puts a perfect distinction betwixt man and brutes; and is an excellency which the faculties of brutes do by no means attain to.
Page 477 - ... from the known principles of human nature, how all its various parts might gradually have arisen, the mind is not only to a certain degree satisfied, but a check is given to that indolent philosophy, which refers to a miracle, whatever appearances, both in the natural and moral worlds, it is unable to explain.
Page 529 - ... he possessed likewise the faculty of giving more articulate expression to the rational conceptions of his mind. That faculty was not of his own making. It was an instinct, an instinct of the mind, as irresistible as any other instinct.
Page 514 - Could we suppose any person living on the banks of the Thames so ignorant as not to know the general word river but to be acquainted only with the particular word Thames, if he was brought to any other river, would he not readily call it a Thames?
Page 401 - What distinguishes the Turanian languages is, that in them the conjugation and declension can still be taken to pieces; and although the terminations have by no means always retained their significative power as independent words, they are felt as modificatory syllables, and as distinct from the roots to which they are appended.