Augustine's Text of John: Patristic Citations and Latin Gospel Manuscripts
What sort of Bible did Augustine have? How did he quote from it - and was he accurate? Do Augustine's biblical citations transmit readings not found in any surviving manuscripts? This book is part of a major project on the Old Latin versions of the Gospel according to John, and uses Augustine as a test-case to examine the importance of the evidence provided by the Church Fathers for the text of the Gospels. The early history of the Latin Bible is reconstructed from Augustine's comments in his treatise De doctrina christiana (On Christian teaching). Details are assembled from sermons, letters, and other writings to show how Augustine and his contemporaries used the Bible in the liturgy of the Church, public debates, and in composing their own works. Augustine's own methods of citing the Bible are analysed, and features are identified which are characteristic of citations produced from memory rather than read from a gospel codex. The second part of the book is a chronological survey of the biblical text in Augustine's works, showing how he switched from using the older versions of the Gospel to the revised text of Jerome, which later became known as the Vulgate. Finally, a verse by verse commentary is provided on all the significant readings in Augustine's text of John, assessing their significance for the history of the Latin Bible, and in some cases the Greek tradition as well. Details are also given of Augustine's exegesis of particular verses of the Gospel, making this an indispensable handbook for biblical scholars and church historians alike.
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Augustine’s citations Augustine’s mental text Augustine reads Berrouard Bible Bonnardie`re Church Codex Bezae Codex Palatinus Codices Vercellensis Enarratio Epistula Faustum Gospel Greek Iesus Jerome Jerome’s Latin tradition Matthew Monacensis Old Latin manuscripts Old Latin readings Old Latin witnesses Tractatus in Iohannem Usserianus Vetus Latina Vulgate reading Wrst Xattening addition also appears baptismo based biblical manuscripts biblical text citations of John cited cites commentary consensu correspond customary despite diVerent distinctive Vulgate diuersis quaestionibus earlier early elsewhere evidence example exegesis features following form of text forms found four further inXuenced include including initial citation later likely made majority memory number occasions occurs omission only paralleled parallels paraphrase passage peccatorum meritis phrase place present preserved probably rather than read reading references rendering same second seems sequential variant sermons similar suggests surviving Old Latin text of John trinitate uenit uobis used variants verse version word order words work works