The Science of Language, Founded on Lectures Delivered at the Royal Institution in 1861 and 1863, Volume 1

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Longmans, Green, 1899 - Comparative linguistics
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This is the latest and greatest, 1891 edition, printed in 1899 of the work that was for years slightly amended versions of lectures he gave in 1861 and 1863. For the first four chapters of Volume 1, you won't see huge differences--a lot more footnotes, changes in the language name from Wallachian to Roumanian, some additional examples, a few new themes of a paragraph or two in length. After Lecture 4/Chapter 4 though, the whole structure of the remaining chapters are different, and I suspect a lot of the content is very much more up-to-date. Up-to-date as of 1891, of course, but still -- he literally "threw away the stereotypes" for this edition, and re-set the whole work, and this is his last word on these lectures. 

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Page 14 - For it is evident, we observe no footsteps in them of making use of general signs, for universal ideas ; from which we have reason to imagine, that they have not the faculty of abstracting, or making general ideas, since they have no use of words or any other general signs.
Page 30 - And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them : and whatsover Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Page 224 - The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity, is of a wonderful structure; more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin, and more exquisitely refined than either, yet bearing to both of them a stronger affinity, both in the roots of verbs and in the forms of grammar, than could possibly have been produced by accident; so strong indeed, that no philologer could examine them all three, without believing them to have sprung from some common source, which, perhaps, no longer exists...
Page 514 - And thus those words, which were originally the proper names of individuals, would each of them insensibly become the common name of a multitude. A child that is just learning to speak, calls every person who comes to the house its papa, or its mamma ; and thus bestows upon the whole species those names which it had been taught to apply to two individuals.
Page 512 - of particular names to denote particular objects, that is, the institution of nouns substantive, would probably be one of the first steps towards the formation of language. Two savages who had never been taught to speak, but had been bred up remote from the societies of men, would naturally begin to form that language by which they would endeavour to make their mutual wants intelligible to each other by uttering certain sounds whenever they meant to denote certain objects. Those objects only which...
Page 526 - If it may be doubted, whether beasts compound and enlarge their ideas that way, to any degree: this, I think, I may be positive in, that the power of abstracting is not at all in them; and that the having of general ideas, is that which puts a perfect distinction betwixt man and brutes; and is an excellency which the faculties of brutes do by no means attain to.
Page 583 - THEOSOPHY, OR PSYCHOLOGICAL RELIGION. The Gifford Lectures, delivered before the University of Glasgow in 1892. Crown 8vo., 51.
Page 403 - I am, thou art, he is, we are, you are, they are; or even the Latin, ,s-um, es, es-t, ,su-mus, es-tis, ,aunt.
Page 477 - ... from the known principles of human nature, how all its various parts might gradually have arisen, the mind is not only to a certain degree satisfied, but a check is given to that indolent philosophy, which refers to a miracle, whatever appearances, both in the natural and moral worlds, it is unable to explain.
Page 529 - ... he possessed likewise the faculty of giving more articulate expression to the rational conceptions of his mind. That faculty was not of his own making. It was an instinct, an instinct of the mind, as irresistible as any other instinct.

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